In addition to the well-known to many lovers of indoor plants, Adianum Venarin hair, many related species are of interest, unpretentious and decorative. To better represent the diversity of ferns, it is useful to study descriptions of species of adianum and photo of these beautiful and very unpretentious plants.
The four-leafed adianum (A. Tetraphyllum)
The South American type of fern, the four-leafed dandy, in the wild, found on the mountainous plateau in Brazil, is one of the most interesting and ornamental plants of the genus. Unlike many varieties of the adianum, which have pinnately complex foliage, here the plants are pointedly palmate.
The petioles of the leaves are painted in greenish-brown tones and almost half a meter above the ground. Leaves slightly drooping, with alternately collected on the rods of lobes. The shares themselves are asymmetric trapezoidal, small, glossy on the outside. Along the edge of the rear side are densely planted srusy.
Adiantum four-leaved perfectly tolerates life in a roomy environment. It reproduces by dividing the rhizome, which in the fern is thick and passing shallow beneath the surface of the substrate.
Adianum transparent (A. diaphanum)
For this adiantum, as in the photo, the formation of twice pinnate, excised on one edge of the leaves is characteristic. Segments of a leaf do not exceed three centimeters in length, the total length of a narrow pointed leaf can reach up to 25 centimeters.
Shares broad, obovate or oval, green. The petioles are dark, with a green or brown tinge. Convex sporangia are located along the outer edge of the leaf.
The total height of the decorative form reaches 35-40 cm, while the fern, native to Indochina, Australia or Polynesia, grows well in the apartment.
Adiantum caudate (A. caudatum)
The homeland of this species of adiantum, who prefers to settle not only on stones, but also on trunks of large representatives of the flora, is South America. Adiantum caudate is distinguished by the presence of long, up to 40 cm of leaves.
Leaves of the first order on petioles are arranged alternately, tightly to each other. They have a trapezoidal, strongly dissected shape. Teeth on edge or side obtuse or round. The spores are on the outside of the leaf segments, in the dents of dense sporangia formed along the cut.
As a room culture, the tail adiantum is more whimsical than other types of adianum. The plant requires more frequent watering, as the dry soil for the fern root is disastrous. Equally important and maintain a high humidity in the room, which contains the image presented in the photo of the adianum.
Adiantum wedge-shaped (A. cuneatum)
Fern native to the South American tropical forests, the external appearance and structure of the crown and leaves are reminiscent of other varieties of the adianum, already fond of flower growers. The radical difference between the adianum of the wedge-shaped in the form and arrangement of the surres. In this case, the spores mature in the recesses located along the edge of the leaves of the first order. The form of sporangia resembles a kidney or a horseshoe.
The adianum is shallow or small-haired (A. hispidulum)
In nature, the fagot hare is found in the mountainous regions of Africa, where the plant can be seen in the foothills overgrown with dense forests, almost on the line of snow cover. Representatives of this species of adianum can be found in other parts of the world, for example, in Australia, New Zealand and India.
The adiantum hispidylum forms the leaf-shaped dissected leaves with diamond-shaped segments. The length of such a sheet can reach 45 cm.
Sporangia in the adiantum finely pubescent are located along the line of the cutoff of the leaf segment almost closely to each other. Petioles, like many species of adianum, are dark, thin, rather strong.
The species is of interest both for lovers of home floriculture, and those who are fond of growing ferns in the winter garden.
Adiantum trapeziform (A. trapeziforme)
A fairly large perennial plant, even in indoor conditions, grows to a meter height. The homeland of the trapezoidal adianum is Central and South Africa, where the fern prefers to settle in the shade of large plants.
The culture tolerates diurnal and seasonal changes in temperature, but reacts negatively to air dryness and drying of the soil. Leaves of the leaves are almost black, thin. Large leaves, creeping in natural conditions, form a beautiful drooping crown in a pot.
Segments of the leaf at this adianum, as in the photo, are rhomboid, light green, with a round-toothed, asymmetrical edge. The areas of formation and maturation of the spores are concentrated along the cut of the leaf fraction.
An adiantum is beautiful (A. venustum)
The height of this neat and very elegant plant barely reaches 20 centimeters. The homeland of the beautiful creature is the subtropical regions of Indochina, where the species, as in the photo, settles on stone placers under the canopy of the forest.
According to the photo and the description of the adianum, he has complex pinnate leaves with segments of a figurative-ovoid shape. The outer edge, where spores mature, are finely toothed. Leaf color is light green.
Adianum is beautiful (A. formosum)
For the idiocy of the beautiful, dwelling in the Australian and New Zealand forests, repeatedly cut openwork leaves with a length of about 60 cm. The green segments are small, diamond-shaped, often asymmetrical, with a thin sheet plate.
Dark, medium-sized sporangia are located on the outer side of the leaf. The geraniums of the adianum, as seen in the photo, are brown, and in the lower part they are almost black. The plant is suitable for home growing, perfectly transferring the contents in conditions of shade or partial shade.
An adiantum gentle (A. tenerum)
To see the mildew in the wild is gentle in the tropical zone of the American continent, and also in the Antilles. According to the description and photos of the adianum, it can be understood that the plant is of great interest to the florists. In this case, do not forget that the view is quite large. Its leaves sometimes reach a length of 0.7 meters. They have three times a pinnate form. Small broadly wedge-shaped segments are densely planted on thin stiff petioles almost 30 cm long.
At home, the plant requires the same care and maintenance as the more famous adianum Venin hair. The fern adapts well to growing in a pot, perfectly reproduces by vegetative methods. The plant can be used for cutting.
The Adiantum is a delicate species of Farleyense – this elegant plant comes from Barbados. Small light leaves of the first order are densely dissected along the edge, which gives them a fringe appearance. The young leaves have a noticeable golden or pink hue. Adult leaves reach a height of 25-30 centimeters.
In the home, the idiocy, as in the photo, is more capricious than the similar species. This is expressed in fear of drafts, demanding in the humidity of the air and mandatory protection from the sun.
Adiantum in the nature – video
- 1 The four-leafed adianum (A. Tetraphyllum)
- 2 Adianum transparent (A. diaphanum)
- 3 Adiantum caudate (A. caudatum)
- 4 Adiantum wedge-shaped (A. cuneatum)
- 5 The adianum is shallow or small-haired (A. hispidulum)
- 6 Adiantum trapeziform (A. trapeziforme)
- 7 An adiantum is beautiful (A. venustum)
- 8 Adianum is beautiful (A. formosum)
- 9 An adiantum gentle (A. tenerum)