Oleander in the open ground is a large ornamental shrub with three-dimensional inflorescences of various colors. In the garden, cultivation of this culture is practiced in areas with a warm climate, and care of oleander at home is available and can be carried out in any region, but because of the size of the evergreen shrub and its thermophilic has its own characteristics.
Popularity as an ornamental plant oleander has acquired in the Mediterranean countries, in areas of south-east Asia. In reality and in the photo, the flowers of oleander are amazed by the variety of colors and shapes, and the florists, who already have the experience of growing a plant, are well acquainted with its aroma. Thick, leathery leaves of elongated form cover a lot of brownish shoots, and without due attention the lower parts of the stems are bare, and the plant tends to grow.
Not surprisingly, one of the main features of care for oleander is its pruning, limiting the growth of the bush and helping to give its crown shape and compactness. Despite the desire for growth, among lovers of indoor plants, oleander is considered unpretentious and easy to care for a plant.
Conditions for the cultivation and care of oleander
Shrub, in nature growing in well-lit and ventilated areas, requires the same attitude and at home. If the oleander pot is in the shade:
- leaves inevitably fade;
- the newly growing foliage is smaller;
- inflorescence becomes sparse and less decorative than usual;
- internodes on new shoots are stretched;
- The young shoots are noticeably weakened.
Long stay in the shade threatens the loss of buds and the refusal of the plant from flowering. In the summer, room oleander, as in the photo, can be taken out into the garden. At an air temperature of 20-25 ° C, the shrubbery acclimatizes well and actively develops under the open sky. In the ground to plant the oleander is not recommended to avoid the complexities of transplanting the plant due to the formation of new roots. But to dig a container near the garden pond is useful. Moisture helps the bush to withstand the midday sun even on the hottest summer days. If there is no pond on the site, you can put a usual bucket of water nearby. In the room, the pot is placed in a tray with wet moss or expanded clay.
Oleander reacts very sensitively to stagnation of air, therefore it is important to ventilate the room frequently, preventing the cold winds or draft from entering the plant.
When growing oleander at home, care is provided by spraying the crown with warm, soft water. This measure helps to maintain the purity of foliage and increase the humidity of the air near the bush.
Seasonal care for oleander
The plant reacts better not to frequent moistening of the soil surface, but to rarer, but abundant watering, during which water penetrates into the thickest part of the substrate. In spring and summer, oleander should be watered more often, which is explained by the needs of the growing bush and by evaporation, which is greater than in the cold season. Soil is moistened with soft water at room temperature, during this year, not allowing the earth’s coma to dry out with roots. And from April until the fall, watering is combined with top dressing. For these purposes, an integrated fertilizer for flowering crops can be used every two weeks.
If in the summer months care for oleander is not at all laborious and simple, then closer to winter, the plant needs special attention.
In nature, shrubs live in regions where the season change is quite pronounced. Similar conditions will have to be created when growing and caring for oleander in the room.
First of all, the plant is looking for a place where the bush successfully hibernate at a temperature of 2-12 ° C, being all daylight in the light. Negative temperature and deep shadow when caring for oleander at home are strictly contraindicated. If the bush lacks light, the florist should expect that his green pet will get rid of the foliage, and at the beginning of next summer will not give the desired inflorescences.
Features of flowering and trimming of indoor oleander
Room oleander, in the photo, refers to long blossoming ornamental crops.
If the plant receives enough water, nutrition and care, the flowers on the bushes are opened from June to the middle of autumn, often on the inflorescences at the same time the ovaries are formed, and then new coronets open.
At home, care for oleander necessarily include regular pruning. Stems are not afraid of severe shortening, sleeping axillary buds in spring will fill the loss of the crown, which due to such care will become much more attractive and thicker.
The optimal time for pruning oleander is autumn, when mass flowering ends. If at home, care for oleander, in the photo, is done correctly, the plant has time to lay new flower buds by spring and prepare lush fragrant inflorescences for the summer. Because of this feature of the bush, spring pruning is not carried out, except for the sanitary removal of dead, sick or weakened shoots.
But spring is the best time for transplantation of the oleander flower pictured on the photo.
Oleander transplantation and multiplication
Young bush can be transferred to new, large pots annually. In this case, the root system is not disturbed, and the voids between the walls of the container and the earthen coma are filled with fresh substrate. Adult bushes should not be transplanted more than once in 3-4 years. As a soil for plants take a fertile loose mixture of turf ground, half the volume of leaf soil, as well as humus and sand. To structure the substrate and as a prophylaxis of bacterial infections, a little crushed charcoal is admixed.
When transplanting a large bush, sometimes it is divided, which allows you to quickly multiply the oleander.
But more often than not this method is used, but cuttings. But before you multiply the oleander, you need to get a planting material. To do this, from a healthy plant like the kind of cut young cuttings so that they have a growth point and a few unfolded green leaves. Harvesting and rooting of seedlings intended for reproduction of oleander is carried out in the summer.
The lower leaves are removed, and the cuttings are buried in a moist mixture of sand, perlite and peat. The container with plantings is better covered with a film or put in a greenhouse. When the roots appear 3-5 cm long on the seedlings, young oleanders are planted on their own pots.
It is even simpler and more obvious to root oleander in ordinary water, to which crushed charcoal can be added. After transplanting into pots, young plants are easily acclimatized, and next fall they can be trimmed carefully to give rise to a bushy lush crown.