Many growers prefer such an unusual plant, as the stromant cultivation of which has certain difficulties. Knowing all the secrets and nuances of caring for an exotic flower, you can create conditions that allow him to manifest himself in all its glory. Stromant is a great option when you want to add a bit of exotic to the interior. Large leaves are conspicuous due to their original coloration in the form of contrasting spots, bands strewn along a dark green background. Such beauty will not leave anyone indifferent.
Choose a place for a flower
Proper cultivation of stromant requires, first of all, the right choice of location for the flower. From this, the appearance of the plant will largely depend on it. Insufficient lighting will result in loss of brightness of the leaves. The result of exposure to direct sunlight may be burns. In nature, the stromant grows along river banks under the arches of trees, so growing it at home should provide slightly diffused lighting. Optimum arrangement of the flower will become a window sill, where there is enough light in the morning and in the evening. Then the midday bright sun rays can not hurt him.
If you have to put a pot of stromant on the southern window, you need to curtain it with a curtain of translucent fabric.
The plant is very sensitive to temperature changes, therefore the place for it is chosen far away from drafts.
Even with the most careful care, stromant flowering at home is extremely rare.
Stromant is a capricious plant. Accustomed to the tropical climate in nature, the plant needs to create similar conditions when growing in an apartment. Proper care includes compliance with a number of rules.
The soil moisture for the stromant is of great importance. In summer and spring, when there is an active build-up of green mass, it is required to produce abundant watering almost daily. In winter, the plant is watered less often, waiting until the substrate dries. Water for this you need to use only stale or distilled, room temperature.
Overmoistening of the soil, as well as drying, can lead to the death of the plant.
Humidification of air
In addition to watering, the stromant needs daily spraying of leaves with water. In hot weather, this is done several times a day. In winter, when the air becomes extremely dry as a result of the operation of heating systems, it is recommended to moisten it in various ways: place containers with water near the flower, install special humidifiers.
Do not spray the plant in the daytime, in bright sunlight, to prevent burns.
Heat is one of the most important conditions for keeping the stromant. Optimum parameters of it during the vegetation period range from 22 to 30 ° C. At a higher temperature, you should also increase the humidity level of the air. In the winter, the temperature is reduced to 18-22 ° C. It is important that it does not fall below 15 ° C. Under such conditions, the aerial part of the flower dies.
Cultivation of stromant is not without the use of fertilizers. Top dressing is produced depending on the season. In spring and summer, twice a month, liquid complex fertilizer is used for ornamental plants. Preliminary soil moisturize, and then spill it with a prepared solution. Occasionally, it is possible to carry out foliar top dressing by spraying the plant from the atomizer diluted in a half-dose fertilizer. In winter, during the rest period, it is not necessary to fertilize the stromant.
Features of transplantation
As for any indoor plant, for stromant care at home involves a periodic transplant. In the first 4 years of plant life this procedure is carried out annually, then every 2 years. A pot is picked up just above the previous one. A layer of 5 cm at the bottom poured drainage. Prepare the soil mixture in advance. To do this, mix the leaf earth, peat and river sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1 and add a little charcoal. It has the ability to absorb excess moisture in the substrate, and when the soil recovers, return it back.
Increase the water capacity and looseness of the substrate can be, adding moss sphagnum to it.
The transplantation of the stromant is carried out in a disinfected ground beforehand. It is steamed for 15 minutes in a water bath, then for drying, they are scattered on a newspaper sheet.
The stromant is removed from the pot in such a way that it does not damage the root system. Carefully shaking off the old earth, lower the plant into a prepared container with drainage and fill the substrate. After transplanting the soil is spilled abundantly, filling up the settled soil.
At home, 2 ways of reproduction are used – cuttings and division of the rhizome. In the first case, the cut off branches are placed in a container with peat, covered with a plastic bag from above to create greenhouse conditions. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into small pots with a nutrient mixture.
Reproduction of stromant by fission of rhizomes is carried out only when transplanting adult plants. The root is divided into 2-3 parts, each planting in a separate container.