Features of home care for aspleniumom

Beautiful asplenium at homeFor many reasons, ferns have become very popular in indoor landscaping. Green color calms, carved vayi are picturesque and attract the eye, taking away the thoughts from the negative. There are 800 species of ancient ferns. Asplenium is a variety of tropical plants, many of which are epiphytes growing in symbiosis with trees and on them. Three varieties of asplenium are identified in the culture, care of which is available at home and in greenhouses.

Agrotechnics of aspleniums

A large beautiful plantThe most important for the content of flowers in the home is to create conditions for them to develop. Given that there are people in the room who are accustomed to certain conditions, a balance between interests is required. Care for aspleniumom at home should ensure:

  • correct illumination;
  • sufficient humidity of air;
  • air exchange without drafts;
  • temperature conditions in summer and winter;
  • watering, fertilizer and soil requirement.

If we give birth to a child, we grow it, and eventually it can do without help, then a house plant will always be helpless, demanding care and attention. It will benefit from its presence only with careful care. A green window sill with diseased plants will not create a comfortable state.

Asplenium does not tolerate the direct rays of the sunCreating a home garden you need to find each plant a place to taste. Asplenium in light does not like direct sunlight. And if the apartment has no northern windows, then it should be located in the depth, not less than 3 m from the window. We know that healthy leaves absorb harmful substances from the air, thereby purifying it. Therefore, it is so important to have healthy wai. In a dark corner, the flower will stop growing and developing. In the light leaf plates go pale. Only the golden mean in the care and maintenance of asplenium will lead to success!

To get the right humidity for the plant, there are special techniques. The ideal humidity is 60%, it’s a comfortable environment for a person. To create such conditions in apartments with central heating is impossible. It is necessary to use local moisturizing.

The technology of asplenium care requires frequent spraying of sheets with fine spray. Even in winter, this wetting should be performed 2 times a day. In summer, the leaves are wetted more often, and the number of approaches depends on the ambient temperature. Regular evaporation should be arranged nearby. It is achieved by an evaporator, diapers on heating batteries or a nearby pallet with porous moistened materials – moss, expanded clay. When spraying it is necessary to use only a constant soft warm water, you can use boiled water.

Care of an aspleniumIn a cool room, excessive humidification of the asplenium in winter can lead to mold. Unlike other ornamental plants, ferns love souls, but they protect their vayas from touching. So it’s better not to touch them again and not create stress for the plant. The consequences of insufficient moisture will be drying leaves, discoloration and the appearance of aphids. The brown color of the leaf blade will indicate on the aphids. Fern leaf aphid does not twist.

Growing young aspleniumWatering asplenium loves sparing, without a gulf. Earth’s clod should only be damp. Even in the summer they water 2-3 times a week, in winter, as they demand. But before fertilizing the land must be moistened. Fertilize the plant during the vegetation every 2 weeks with a special composition for ferns. It contains more organic extracts and fewer mineral salts. Fertilizer for ficuses is suitable, but in a half dose. Excessive salinization of the earth will lead to the death of the plant. Water for irrigation is taken desalted, or soft by nature with a small amount of carbonates.

The best method of watering is the bottom, while the plant with a pot is lowered into a container and waiting, when it is completely saturated with moisture. Field for several hours create conditions for the filtration of excess fluid. Overflow and drought are equally pernicious for the plant.

Asplenium needs helpGreat importance in the care of asplenium is clean air without drafts. Like other plants of this species, asplenium does not tolerate tobacco smoke in the room. Drafts to the fern of the fetus are also contraindicated. Reaction to the wrong conditions of detention is one – the drying of leaflets. In this case, the plant can be freed from dried leaves and create a constant humidity of air. After a while the leaves will begin to grow again. Just because healthy leaves are not recommended.

The transplant is rarely transplanted when there is a need:

  • the growth of new leaves stops;
  • the vayi begin to turn yellow;
  • there is intensive drying of the foliage under the conditions of maintenance;
  • The container is densely packed with roots.

For a good development of the plant you need a special primerThe soil for asplenium is composed in equal proportions of peat, leaf and turf earth, sand. Useful additives will be chopped sphagnum, charcoal. When transplanting choose a larger pot size, but uneasy. While the roots do not fill the earth, the above-ground part of the plant will not develop. The transplantation of young plants is carried out annually, for adults the dishes are changed if necessary. At the same time, a healthy plant is transferred without destroying the coma and the substrate is not compacted.

Illtened roots need to be removed and the wounds disinfected. To transplant a diseased plant you need after cleaning in a smaller pot, so that there is no souring of the earth.

Diseases and pests

The plant has problemsCare for the asplenium is the constant control of the plant’s condition. Despite the special composition of the juice of the fern species, pests and diseases can enter the weakened plant. So, excessive watering can cause septoriosis, gray rot. Spots can become a signal of excessive feeding of the plant. Such spots are a consequence of diseases of taffin or phyllostic disease. Treatment of fungal spore-causing diseases is fungicides. At the time of treatment, watering is reduced and feeding is excluded.

Treatment of fungal spore-causing diseases is fungicidesPlants in dry air affect aphids and scutes. They can be saved by insecticides or folk methods. But if there are nematodes in the wines, then such a plant is difficult to cure, it is better to get rid of it so as not to infect all the other plants. You can find nematodes if a leaf with brown internal spots is moistened and put on a dark paper. Small, up to 1 mm worms, noticeable on a black background, will start to appear from the plate. You can rip off such vayi, stop for a while watering and spraying the plant, in some cases it helps.

Grades recommended for housekeeping

Aspenium nestsIn conclusion, we call the varieties of asplenium for maintenance and care at home the most suitable. Asplenium nest is the most common plant in culture. Fern epiphytic, it has large leaves up to a meter, which grow from the center, creating a funnel. This plant needs space, it is actively growing in width. Nest-shaped it was called for the original placement of creeping roots and leaves.

Ashlenium beetrootAsplenium, anodolous has pinnate leaves, grows very rapidly, the leaves are severely dissected, hanging down. On the subordinate buds, small plants develop which fall into the ground and take root.

Asplenium anticumulus, or sedgeAsplenium antikum, or sediment, is less common. He has feathery leaves, wavy along the edges.

Video about fern asplenium

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