Once an enterprising lover of exotic plants – Governor of Haiti Michel Begon organized an expedition to the West Indies. Exploring the local flora, scientists discovered an unusually beautiful flower and named it – begonia. So immortalized the name of Mr. Begon, who sponsored this trip in 1687.
The plant is the most numerous genus, which has more than 1000 kinds of flowers. It can grow high in the mountains, in the humid forests of the tropics, and also in the subtropical latitudes. A huge number of species and varieties of begonia grows in South America, where it was discovered. It is also found in the Himalayas and in Africa. Some botanists believe that the birthplace of a unique flower is the African continent. It was from there that begonia spread on the earth.
General information about the exotic beauty
Begonia grows on the earth in many ways. Gardeners note the following:
- creeping herbs;
- in the form of small shrubs;
- high upright options.
The root system of the plant is well developed, which allows begonias to grow not only in living quarters, but also on the street. The root is tuberous, branched or friable.
The leaves of the “overseas” beauty have an asymmetric shape. On the edge is a wavy rim. Some varieties have whole leaves, others – cut into small slices. The lower part of the plate is red, lilac or brown. And from the top they are not only solid green, but also other shades. In addition, they are decorated with various patterns, specks or strokes. There are species of begonias, in which the tender stems are visible on the stems and leaves.
Flowers begonias are small bouquets consisting of inflorescences of different sizes. They are:
- different shades of edging the petals.
In each inflorescence, begonia has flowers of different sexes. Thanks to this, she is pollinated. After this, an unusual trihedral trunk with tiny seeds grows. Flowering plant the whole summer until late autumn. Home-grown varieties – please the eye before the beginning of winter.
Charming views of begonia
A huge number of varieties of exotic “alien” amazes imagination. In the natural environment, botanists counted 1600 different species. But only a little more than a hundred of them are used for decorative decoration of the interior or landscape.
In Russia, begonia fell during the reign of Peter I. Several species are mentioned in the catalog of tropical flowers, which were brought in 1717 from Holland. Today, in the botanical gardens of Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk, unique collections of an exotic plant are growing.
Russian botanist Vorontsov V.V. conditionally singled out such categories of begonia:
- Beautifully flowering.
The classification was carried out according to the external features of the plant and the field of application in horticulture.
Decorative and deciduous begonia
Plants of this kind do not have a main stem, and bizarre pubescent leaves grow from the rhizome. They come in different shapes and shades. Most often there are green, silvery, white, brown and red leaves. In addition, they are originally painted with multicolored patterns, specks and outer edges.
Such plants, in general, grow in enclosed spaces. In view of this, care for begonia at home requires a competent approach. The main points to which you should pay attention:
- properly selected lighting;
- the control of humidity of air;
- regular moderate watering;
- seasonal top dressing;
- periodic plant transplantation.
Given these moments, the gardener will always enjoy the flowering decorative begonia.
With a lack of diffuse lighting, the leaves lose their decorative effect, so it is important to choose the right place for planting the flower.
Plants of tuberous varieties are distinguished by a specific rhizome, from which come out semi-transparent stems of fleshy nature. They grow up to 50 cm in height. Flowers are ordinary or terry, reminiscent of peonies or roses, small or large. In inflorescences and in a single variant. It is during the flowering period that it is important to know how to take care of begonia, so that it pleases the eye, as long as possible.
There are three types of tuber begonia: herbaceous, shrubby and ampelian, grown in hanging pots. Her heart-shaped leaves are:
And their color absorbed all the shades of green. Such begonia begins in May, and ends in October. A truly charming gift from the Creator.
Shrubby species of begonias
All kinds of shrub begonia are distinguished by a bent knee, reminiscent of bamboo. On it densely grow sprawling branches. Such plants reproduce by sowing seeds or cuttings. It is best to use young shoots of the tops of a decorative bush.
You can grow shrub begonias at a temperature of 15 degrees throughout the year. If the air warms up to 10 degrees, the plant dies. These species like bright scattered light, fresh air and moisture. Therefore, competent care for begonias is a pledge of a chic living interior.
In order for the plant to receive a sufficient amount of water, the pot is placed on a gravel bed with constant fluid access.
When sluggish or withered leaves appear on the bushes of begonia, they should be immediately removed. Thus, healthy leaves will not suffer, and the plant will long please its beauty.
Begonia beautiful flowering
Absolute favorites of all varieties of begonia are beautifully flowering variants. They have surpassed their tuberous and deciduous relatives.
Flowering varieties grow in the form of bushes of magnificent form, decorated with clusters of cute inflorescences. Their height reaches half a meter. The leaves of the plant are asymmetrical, heart-shaped. At the edges they have a serrated edging. Color – different shades of green. New varieties of blossoming begonias pleasing lovers of living decorations with the purple color of leaves.
Description of the popular varieties of begonia
A unique overseas beauty won the hearts of thousands of gardeners. Therefore, it is grown both in personal plots and in residential buildings. Familiarity with the famous varieties of charming begonia will help you find the coveted flower.
Coraline or coral begonia
The flowers of such begonias are of two shades: pink or orange-red. Sheet silver plate with veins of olive color. The back of her face is in red. Looking at the photos of begonia flowers, you can see a chic brush made of miniature bright pink flowers. Most often they bloom in the winter.
Coralina grows almost up to a meter in height. Therefore, it harmoniously fits into the garden interior in suspended pots. Care and growing begonia at home requires a serious attitude. Thanks to this, the plant will delight its fans for 5 years.
Royal view – Gryphon
Begonia with such an exotic name is almost half a meter high. It differs from its relatives with huge decorative leaves. Grow it to decorate and emphasize the contrast in the winter gardens. In summer begonia Grifon is planted on an open ground surrounded by other herbaceous plants.
This kind of begonia is quite hardy to weather conditions. He does not need special soil, and he does not want watering. Begonia perfectly grows in containers in a dwelling, as well as in a shady part of the garden.
Decorative variant of begonia – Rex
This hybrid was derived from the royal varieties of begonia. Usually it does not grow to 25 cm in height. This is a fairly small plant. It is characterized by inconspicuous pink inflorescences.
Plate of leaves – broad, oval. Edges dentate. There are such colors:
- gray or silver;
- purple or maroon;
- red or bloody;
- gently pink.
The variety can be diluted by dividing the bush into parts or using cuttings. He loves the shaded parts of the garden with medium humidity.
The plant got its name because the back of its leaves is painted red. Their shape resembles an uneven circle. A gently pink inflorescence is an incredible ornament of the bush.
Usually the plant is not large. His fleshy stem is gracefully pressed to the ground, which resembles the polite bow of a servant to a kind gentleman.
This kind of original looks on the hanging vases. If red-leaved begonia is not blooming, care at home will allow creating dense beautiful bushes.
Begonia loves moderate air temperature and shaded places. Therefore, when selecting the landing site, these factors should be taken into account.
Cuff or collar begonia
This variety has a creeping stem with light green leaves. At the edges they are slightly lowered, and on the back side are decorated with red outgrowths. Above the sheet they form a miniature rosette that looks like a collar or cuff. Hence the unusual name.
Adult cuff begonia can bloom up to 5 times a season. This makes it possible to create a chic design in the room. The plant reproduces by means of cuttings and by dividing the bush.
On each sheet of begonia metal is observed pollination of metallic color. Due to this the plant got its name. It feels great at any temperature. It grows up to 90 cm in height.
Metallic begonia needs moderate watering. In this case, the room should be low in humidity. The soil is acidic. Propagation is carried out with the help of leaves that are previously incubated in water or sand. Indoor begonia should not be sprayed, just pour the water in a bowl under the pot.
In order for the plant to have a beautiful shape and to grow evenly, it is recommended to regularly rotate it around its axis. These simple movements create real masterpieces.
Original living decoration – tiger begonia
The plant received its name due to the stylistic color of the leaves. Sometimes it’s called Bauer. The brown-olive plate is decorated with small green specks on the edges. Each leaf has a heart-shaped shape with pointed tips. The length is about 7 centimeters.
Looking at the plant, one involuntarily recalls a stately animal with a similar color. Begonia of this kind is capable of rapid expansion, due to which the original decorative variant is formed. It multiplies by replanting cuttings.
In spring and summer, the plant should be watered moderately. Particularly comfortable Bauer develops under diffuse illumination. The temperature should not fall below 16 degrees.
When watering tiger begonia, it is important to avoid getting water on the leaves. Otherwise they will lose their decorative appearance.
The plant with burgundy cuttings on which dark green leaves are located attracts the attention of flower lovers. Begonia Cleopatra is a short, about 35 centimeters.
She does not like extremes – dry air and excessive watering, as well as spraying. Propagated by cuttings of stalks or leaves.
Ornamental-deciduous variety of Lucerne
Lovers of saturated greenery prefer Lucerne begonias. It has large oval-shaped castings, up to 20 cm in size. On the edges they are originally cut, which gives the plant some charm. The dark green plate of the leaf is decorated with silvery specks. The back is reddish.
When begonia blooms, pink blossoms appear in the form of a brush. It is impossible to remain indifferent, looking at its magical beauty.
Video about varieties of decorative deciduous begonia
Having considered only a few varieties of the overseas beauty, one can come to the conclusion that its main virtue is leaves. They are incredibly bright shades, original shapes and sizes. In nature, there are no similar plants. In addition, each grade of begonia is decorated with luxurious flowers. The unpretentious nature of this plant attracts the attention of gardeners. The main thing is to find your begonias among thousands of varieties.
Acquaintance with begonia of different kinds at the exhibition – video
- 1 General information about the exotic beauty
- 2 Charming views of begonia
- 3 Description of the popular varieties of begonia
- 3.1 Coraline or coral begonia
- 3.2 Royal view – Gryphon
- 3.3 Decorative variant of begonia – Rex
- 3.4 Red-leafed begonia
- 3.5 Cuff or collar begonia
- 3.6 Begonia metal
- 3.7 Original living decoration – tiger begonia
- 3.8 Irresistible Cleopatra
- 3.9 Ornamental-deciduous variety of Lucerne
- 3.10 Video about varieties of decorative deciduous begonia
- 3.11 Acquaintance with begonia of different kinds at the exhibition – video