Kalanchoe is a plant that can be seen in many apartments. And there is an explanation: practically all its varieties are unpretentious and capable of exerting a curative effect on the body. However, even the most indiscriminate flower needs proper care. This watering, fertilizer, loosening the soil, pruning. The pruning process is not complicated, but in order not to damage the flower, it is necessary to know how to trim the Kalanchoe, namely the sequence of the procedure and the best time for it.
What is pruning Kalanchoe at home and why is it needed?
Trimming Kalanchoe – this is the removal of extra leaves or peduncles. It is necessary to give the flower a neat round shape. Growing in the form of a small bush, the plant looks more original, rather than a long, thin stem with chaotic branches stretched outward.
In addition to the decorative purpose pruning Kalanchoe at home is necessary to create the most favorable conditions for plant life. Accumulated juice inside the flower is distributed evenly over the processes, filling the leaves. The plant becomes juicy and more resistant to drying and wilting.
Pruning Kalanchoe is of three types:
- the original;
- after flowering.
To cut a flower, it is better to use a sharp knife or a stationery blade. Tearing off the leaves by hand can damage the plant, and it will fade.
How to cut a Kalanchoe depending on the type of flower
Depending on the variety of Kalanchoe and the rules of pruning. To date, more than 200 varieties of plants are known, however, few can grow at home. The most common variety is Blossfeld, which blooms in bright red flowers. Pruning of excess leaves can be carried out in unlimited quantities. Even if all the subordinate branches and leaves are cut off, leaving only the “stump”, this flower will again cover with thick leaves after a while.
The situation is more complicated with varieties of Kalanchoe, flowering white and yellow flowers. Such varieties of it are quite rare and whimsical. Excessive removal of leaves can lead to fatal consequences for the plant. Before picking the Kalanchoe of rare species, it is necessary to accurately determine its variety.
As a rule, literate trimming of the Kalanchoe occurs for the flower painlessly. However, in the case of a wound on the stem in the form of decay, it is necessary to sprinkle this place with a small amount of wood ash.
Initial and preventive pruning
A young plant needs to be pricked almost immediately, once it has taken root and started to grow. On each of the shoots of the Kalanchoe it is necessary to cut off one by one – the two upper leaves. This is the original pruning of the flower. Further, as necessary, prophylactic pruning will already take place: new shoots will appear on the cleavage site, on which the leaves will form. This procedure should be repeated until the plant takes a neat round or shrub form.
In case of questions, you can see a video of how to trim a Kalanchoe at any stage of its growth.
In winter, in particular, after November, it is desirable to stop pruning. The procedure can be resumed in late spring, however, at this time the flower can blossom, and then the pruning will already be contraindicated.
Preventive pruning can be carried out immediately when new leaves form on the shoots. It is not necessary to wait for them to grow up.
During the initial formation of the flower, do not keep it in a strongly illuminated room. In bright light, the plant quickly gives rise to growth, as a result of which its overgrowth occurs.
Pruning Kalanchoe after flowering
After flowering, the Kalanchoe is cut not only to remove excess leaves, but also to free the flower from the peduncles. The leaves are removed, as in ordinary pruning: one or two extreme on stems.
Before you trim the Kalanchoe after flowering, you need to make sure that all its flowers completely fade. Flower peduncles, however, must be removed at the very base, so that the plant does not start to rot. They must be removed every single plant after each flowering.
This procedure stimulates a new growth of stems ready for flowering. After the trimming of the Kalanchoe after flowering, the plant needs a rest period. This is the time when you should shorten the watering and ensure that there is no direct sunlight. The time for which the flower will regain about 20-40 days.
Pruning leaves and flower stalks is best done in the morning, preferably before noon.
Timely pruning Kalanchoe will provide a lush and full bush with regular flowering. Competent pruning is the health of a flower.