Asplenium as an indoor plant is used because of the beauty of the huge leaves, which can reach almost a meter long. His leaves are special, complex and called vayi. Tropical plant asplenium requires the care of light, heat and constant care. Of the many species, only a few could exist at home. Asplenium perfectly cleans the air of the room, at the same time filling it with oxygen.
Methods of reproduction of asplenium
Species diversity of asplenium not only in the different structure of pinnate leaves, roots. They also reproduce in special ways. So, asplenium bulbous, differently called asplenium viviparous, reproduction leads to the budding of the finished small plant from the mother leaf. The mature bud has roots and leaves, it falls and sprouts next to the mother’s bush.
Asplenium nesting, the most common resident of apartments and relatively patient in care, is multiplied by the division of rhizomes during transplantation, as it gives lateral shoots.
In culture it is found, but asaklenium asak is not widely spread, the waii of which are similar to long feathers, wavy at the edges. This species of asplenium multiplies by spores growing on the underside of the leaves.
These are the preferred specific ways of reproduction of domestic ferns.
Conditions for reproduction of asplenium
No matter how the indoor plants multiply, the best time is spring. At this time, the vital processes of living organisms are naturally activated. All transplantations, reproductions lead after winter rest of plants.
It is important to create a temperature close to 20 in the substrate and in the air. Warm moist soil accelerates the germination or rooting of plants.
To grow new plants use soft light soil. It consists of:
- sheet earth – 2 parts;
- peat – 1 part;
- humus – 2 parts;
- sand – 1 part.
Traditionally, as for all tropical plants, charcoal and vermiculite are added to the ground. For new plants, moss as a component for ferns is better replaced with coconut fiber.
For the cultivation of plants from spores and viviparous buds, a cradle with a flat surface is prepared. The lower drainage layer is slightly covered with a peat substrate, and seeds of asplenium are sown onto such a substrate. Each of the ways of reproduction requires certain skills.
Propagation of asplenium by bush division
Division of the bush occurs in the spring. If a large bush grows and the pot is not enough for food, the bush requires a transplant. It’s time to start breeding.
All parts of the plant are fragile. Therefore, extracting asplenium for reproduction from the container to it should be treated with care.
It is necessary to know that after the division of an adult plant, its growth will not recover soon. The root system hardly adapts to the new conditions. Therefore, it is possible to divide only a bush, in which new points of growth are formed on the rhizome in the set. If there are not enough of them, then all the villages and the adult plant can die.
After the transplant, you need to be patient and wait until the working capacity of the roots is restored. In this case, the dishes for transplantation should be wide and slightly cramped. The property of these plants in the beginning to occupy all the proposed land, and only then to increase the leaves should be taken into account. The planted pot is selected with a pot about 7 cm in diameter, as young plantlets are transplanted often, as the roots develop. Each time the substrate is replaced and the volume of the pot increases.
Sequence of operations for rooting:
- In the container with drainage holes, the previously soaked claydite is stacked, and preferably the pieces of foam plastic are mixed with marsh moss.
- A layer of ready land is poured, you can use soil for orchids, with vermiculite and cut moss.
- A separated bush with a root system treated against decay is planted in a prepared cup, leaving the neck not covered.
- Arrange the roots of the plant neatly, sprinkled with soil just above the neck, without compaction.
- To pour a fresh watering plant abundantly, with water soft, stationary for 12 hours, while the soil settles, exposing the neck.
- The remaining water must leave the container through the drain.
Only planted for breeding asplenium nest open on top with a transparent package, but do not tie down at the bottom, allowing the air to flow. During the rooting, make sure that the ground is slightly moist, watered with droplets from above, preventing rotting roots. Rooting can take 3-7 weeks, depending on the grade and warmth of air and soil. After the appearance of young greenery, the package is removed gradually to accustom the plant to the habitat.
Reproduction of viviparous asplenium
This type of fern differs from others in the formation of brood buds on the vayas. In nature, ready to continue, a small plant falls into the ground and gives shoots. The cultivated plant is bred, not waiting for the fall of the sprout, when several leaves formed on it. It is torn off together with a piece of leaf and laid on the surface of the substrate, slightly sprinkled with a thin layer of earth and slightly moistened with spray.
If a young sprout is ingrained in the pot on its own, it is carefully extracted and planted. Such a plant develops rapidly, it is necessary to cover it only in the first two weeks, so that the land on the surface does not dry out until the roots are deep. Transplantation in a separate bowl should be done after growing the first leaves to 4 cm. When multiplying viviparous asplenium, the plate should be wide, and the plants can be planted several times, but that they do not interfere with each other. Next time when replacing the land, they can be planted one at a time.
Cultivation of asplenium from spores
Spore reproduction is infrequent. The method is time consuming, the process is long. Disputes when selling in specialized stores are called asplenium seeds. This seed can be obtained all season during the growing season. Sporangia, in which the development of the spores of the bone are located on the back of the leaves, creating a brown staining of the plate. In order to collect them, just scrape off the sporangia on a piece of paper and dry it in a paper envelope.
It will be necessary to find a warm and shaded place for installing a minitublet, or to create moisture under a glass hood above the bowl. The process of germination is long, from a month to three. A necessarily warm, moist substrate during germination on a thin layer of peat laid on a brick, immersed 5 cm into water.
The liquid should be poured as it evaporates. Daily aeration of the greenhouse is mandatory. It is important that the brick is freshly minted, the moss is decontaminated, and the distilled water passes the distillation unit and is stored in a glass, paraffined inside flask. You can buy distillate in a laboratory or pharmacy.
Pour the contents of the sachet onto wet peat. When there is a dense greenery to organize a backlight. When the leaves grow, the plants are thinned, leaving 2.5 cm between the seedlings. When you reach a leaf plate the size of a matchbox, the plants are planted in pots, you can 2-3 pieces per container.
In this way, it is possible to grow asplenium from a dispute for landscaping a country house landscape. Then in the flowerpots are planted several plants for splendor.