Anthuriums are one of the most numerous genera in the family of Aroids. It includes about eight hundred natural species to date, and a variety of varieties and hybrids of interest to florists have been obtained by breeders. As an indoor flower anthurium became popular at the end of the last century. Since then, the circle of admirers has only expanded.
The success of the anthurium among flower-growers has become possible not only due to the relative simplicity of the content, spectacular flowering and decorative foliage, but also the ability to multiply the plant in the home, root the stem or rejuvenate the already existing flower.
Most often, flower growers use vegetative propagation methods, and as a planting material take:
- cuttings with air roots;
- the whole top of the plant;
- stem shoots.
Anthurium can also be propagated with seeds, but this is more time-consuming and time-consuming work.
Advantages and features of vegetative reproduction of anthurium
The main advantage of the reproduction of anthurium in the vegetative way is the ability to get a strong, ready-to-bloom plant in the shortest possible time. In this case, new copies will completely repeat the features of the parent plants, that is, neither the shape of the leaves, nor the shade of the inflorescences, not differing from those already present in the collection of anthuriums. This is extremely important if you are going to get offspring from a hybrid.
Anthuriums, in nature, at the most, being epiphytes, quickly give powerful air roots, which is used in rooting stalk cuttings, lateral offspring and layers.
In addition, for two or three years, passing between transplantations, the bush grows seriously, and if the anthurium flower is planted, 2 to 5 independent plants can be obtained. Such a measure should not be neglected, since it only benefits the anthurium and has a beneficial effect both on its growth and on the quality of flowering.
How to plant Anthurium?
Rejuvenate the anthurium of many spectacularly flowering and decorative-deciduous species, as well as maintain the external appeal allows the division of an adult plant. It is better time for this event – periodically held in the spring, from the second half of February to May transplant.
To separate the plant, it is necessary to prepare in advance:
- A sharp knife, treated with alcohol or a strong solution of potassium permanganate;
- loose soil mixture, suitable for growth of anthurium and pre-disinfected;
- material for the arrangement of the drainage layer, for example, fine expanded clay;
- containers with drainage holes for young seedlings.
Before planting Anthurium, the plant is necessary, trying not to damage the roots, remove from the pot. To do this, an earth clod is watered abundantly so that moisture soaks up the entire soil. Then, having washed the pot, the anthurium flower is extracted and purified from the roots by the substrate found inside the root beam.
If the anthurium at the time of transplantation and separation blooms, flower stalks are best cut, to facilitate the plant adaptation period and reduce the loss of strength and moisture.
The same is done with high shoots, which can also be used to reproduce the flower. But the air roots of anthurium should be kept as far as possible. They can not only become an additional means of delivery of nutrition, but fully replace the underdeveloped soil sapling system.
You can ride an anturium, gradually separating and cutting off the edge of the plant young shoots. For rooting and subsequent growth, such a shoot of anthurium needs its own growth point, a pair of leaves and at least a couple of rhizomes.
Places of slices, in order to avoid the appearance of rot or the development of fungal infections, it is useful to treat pounded coal. Often, florists use ground cinnamon, which also has mild disinfectant properties.
If the escape of the anthurium flower does not have its own root system, and on the stem there are only primordia of the roots, the plant before planting into the soil is useful for rooting in a wet moss sphagnum or perlite. As a rule, within 7-15 days the roots are formed.
Viable, self-sufficient seedlings can be moved to prepared soil for anthuriums, while it should be remembered that the growth point can not be buried, it always remains above the level of wet loose soil.
You can water young anthuriums as the moisture evaporates from the top layer of the substrate. It is important to ensure that moisture does not blur the soil and does not affect the position of the plant, until it is firmly embedded in the earth. Further care for the seedlings does not differ from that of adult anthuriums.
Similarly, anthurium is propagated if young lateral or radical shoots appear on the adult plant. If anthurium has air roots, having cut off and sprinkled the damaged surfaces with coal, the planting material can be safely planted in the ground.
For those who are in warmth and with sufficient light of plants, acclimatization will not last longer than a month, after which it is possible to expect the emergence of a new foliage.
Video on how to multiply the anthurium and plant a green pet will help in practice to master all techniques, and also tell how to create all the conditions for rooting and rapid development of the plant.
Depending on the age and condition of the rooted anthurium flowering plant, one can expect either this or next year.
Reproduction of anthurium by cuttings
To multiply many kinds of anthurium it is possible, having cut off a sharp knife an escape with aerial roots and several internodes. Divided into sections with one or two nodes and a pair of leaves the stem is rooted in a moistened perlite. The depth of embedding should not exceed 5 cm, and the point of growth of the future plant is necessarily left above the soil. The cuttings of anthurium covered with a substrate are covered with a film and put in heat, where they have to spend 15-20 days.
In a humid atmosphere, the roots develop rapidly, and cuttings used for reproduction of anthurium can soon be transplanted into the soil for adult plants.
The main danger with this method of reproduction is the rotting of the end parts of the cuttings. Therefore, it is better to sprinkle the sections with coal powder, and sometimes the contents of the improvised greenhouse should be ventilated.
To quickly appear root shoots, anthurium needs to create comfortable conditions, including:
- bright, long lasting, but diffuse lighting;
- a constant temperature of soil and air of the order of 23-26 ° C;
- maintenance of humidity of air and soil, for which the plant is irrigated with warm water and air.
The appearance of roots in the saplings, about 3-4 cm in length, indicates the possibility of their transplantation into the soil.
Young plants should not be rushed to feed, because the root system of a small volume can not absorb fertilizers that have fallen into the soil. They are also capable of causing both root burns and the development of foci of infections in the ground.
Remaining in the soil part of the old plant with time from sleeping buds will give new shoots. They can be used to form an existing specimen or, after appearing on the anthurium of the air roots, cut off for planting in separate containers.
Reproduction of anthurium by layers
If the shoots are significantly lengthened and the plant gradually loses its shape, the tip of the stem can be used for the reproduction of anthurium. For this part of the escape:
- free of dried scales and foliage;
- neatly wrapped in wet sphagnum;
- and over an improvised dressing, so that moisture does not evaporate, fix the bag or film.
After a while, the moss begins to pierce the roots. Such a stalk from an anturium can be cut and rooted in a separate pot. And the remaining part of the stem will soon give the lateral processes.
Those varieties of anthurium, which form long climbing shoots, can be rooted by prying the moss covered moss directly to the ground.
The mastery of all methods of vegetative reproduction of anthurium does not require special knowledge. It is only necessary to remember about the maintenance of comfortable conditions for culture and regular care. Read on the site article on the reproduction of anthuriums with seeds and leaf blades.