Peanuts or, as it is also called, “peanut” originally from Peru, here for the first time in the archaeological excavations were found its fruits. In 1890, the first to produce and use peanut butter was a dietician from America, who worked to find a dietary food of plant origin, able, in its food and energy properties, to compete with cheese, chicken eggs and meat. Peanut butter completely adopts the bright distinct taste and smell of this nut. And the rich composition and dense enveloping consistency makes it acceptable for use in a wide variety of fields – cooking, pharmaceutics and cosmetology.
Peanut butter, how does it happen?
Oil from peanut fruits is a valuable dietary plant product, comparable in its nutritional and biological value with products of animal origin. The production of peanut butter is based on 3 methods:
- Unrefined oil. It is a product of brown shades with rich and bright nutty aroma and taste. Production and application of it is established in the countries of Asia.
- Refined oil. This product is characterized by a softer, enveloping nutty taste and odor, its color varies from light to dark yellow. They produce and use such oil in Europe and America.
- Cold pressed oil. With regard to use and purity, this oil is the most valuable, it is used in medicine.
Contrary to all belief, peanuts are not a nut, it is a legume crop, which, like all leguminous plants, grows on the earth!
Composition and calorie content of peanut butter
A rich composition of peanut butter explains its distinctive properties and characteristics:
- Amino acids. Omega-9 oleic acid is about 60% of peanut butter, and polyunsaturated linoleic acid Omega-6 – about 30%. Another 10% are saturated fatty acids – palmitic, alpha-linoleic, stearic, lignoceric, arachine and others. All these are vital and indispensable components for human health.
- Easily digestible fats. In comparison with animal fats, vegetable fats are more easily and quickly absorbed in the human body.
- Complex of vitamins of group B. Among them: В1, В2, В3, В5, В8 and В9. The role of these vitamins is assigned to regulation of the water-salt balance, as well as carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism in the body. B vitamins positively influence the hormonal background, immunity and appearance of a person.
- Vitamin D. This fat soluble vitamin helps the growth and regeneration of the osseous system, is necessary for the prevention of cardiac, oncological and endocrine diseases.
- Macro and trace elements. Among such elements are magnesium, calcium, potassium, iodine, copper, phosphorus, iron, zinc, cobalt and others. All these components have a beneficial effect on the health, well-being and working capacity of a person.
- Choline or vitamin B4. Harmonized work of the nervous system is impossible without this valuable vitamin, it is also involved in the synthesis of phospholipids, which is important for preventing fatty liver infiltration and the development of cholelithiasis.
- Betaine. Effective work of the liver is impossible without betaine, it also promotes the full assimilation of protein coming from food.
- Antioxidants. This group includes vitamins A and E, contained in peanuts and oil from it. In modern life an important role is assigned to antioxidants, which protect and restore the human body.
Scientists from Germany have proven that peanut oil contains polyphenol resveratrol, which plays an active role in the prevention of excess weight and helps in the fight against obesity.
This substance has proven effective in normalizing the balance of estrogens, has antitumor and antioxidant activity, lowers the concentration of cholesterol and improves liver function. Thanks to resveratrol, the production of collagen is activated in the human body, which positively affects the condition of the skin, hair and nails!
Caloric content of peanut butter is about 600 kcal per 100 grams. This is a fairly high figure, as with any other oil fat product. However, these calories should not be regarded as the usual kilocalories, their effect on the human body is completely different.
Useful and medicinal properties
A unique composition of peanut butter provides a wide range of its use in official and traditional medicine. We learn all about the benefits and harms of peanut butter!
Peanut oil – useful properties:
- The gall bladder. Peanut butter stimulates the functions of bile and bile secretion, therefore it is an effective choleretic medicine.
- Liver. The oil is able to restore liver cells and prevents obesity of the body.
- Digestive system. Peanut butter interferes with inflammatory processes in any of the digestive tract, exerts a disinfectant and wound healing effect on internal organs. Due to that it perfectly copes with gastritis and ulcers, colitis, cholecystitis and pancreatitis.
- Circulatory system. High content of oil in the oil, affecting blood clotting and hemoglobin synthesis, promotes the treatment of people in hemophilia and anemia.
- Heart and blood vessels. Peanut butter reduces the concentration of cholesterol in the blood, so it is used to prevent the formation of sclerotic plaques, in order to normalize blood pressure and to increase the elasticity of blood vessels. Regular use of peanut butter for food reduces the risk of serious cardiac and vascular pathologies – ischemia, stroke and heart attack.
- Nervous system. Choline from peanut butter is an active participant in the synthesis of lecithin, a building material for brain cells and nerve fibers. Systematic intake of oil for food provides high mental activity and concentration of attention.
- Diabetes. Oil made from fruits of peanuts reduces blood sugar, so it is recommended by doctors for use with diabetes.
- Vision. The oil showed its high efficiency for the work of the whole visual apparatus.
- Leather. Peanut butter in recipes for the skin provides excellent hydration and nutrition, has a healing and tonic effect, helps to cope with premature aging and dry skin.
Oil can be harmful if it is abused in the diet, if a person is allergic to this food. With care to eat butter from peanuts follows people with bronchial asthma and a tendency to increased blood clotting. The most useful is considered a product, self-made from natural peanuts.
How to Make Peanut Butter at Home
Peanut butter is an attribute of a healthy lifestyle, it gives strength and energy, allows you to look and feel better, effectively fights against aging and helps to keep the figure! How to make peanut butter at home? Prepare peanut butter at home simply: dry roasted peanut nuts fall asleep in the bowl of the blender and long grind them to an oily state. To facilitate the process of grinding to nuts, you can introduce a little honey or other vegetable oil. It is recommended to send the finished product to the refrigerator. Naturally! Delicious! Easily!
Many people are interested in the question: peanut butter and pasta – what’s the difference? Peanut paste is a ready-to-eat high-calorie and high-nutritional product, endowed with a unique taste due to various additives – salt, sugar, other types of nuts, chocolate, honey, etc. No less interesting and what is the difference between peanut butter and jam? Jam is a peanut fruit with sugar, which has been jelly, and various berries and fruit juices are added to it for taste and color.
Peanut butter, with a unique smooth texture and an active unforgettable taste, will be an excellent option for a hearty and nutritious breakfast. This delicacy does not hurt the figure, will cheer up and energize for the whole day! It is worth trying – taste, satiety and benefits in one dish!