The popular rumor compares the anthurium with the flamingo, and its name is due to the similarity of the inflorescence with the tail. A familiarity of Europeans and Americans with representatives of a huge kind of anturiums took place in the second half of the XIX century.
Even then, the impressive inflorescences of the Anturium Andre were interested in the Dutch, and in Hawaii, which became truly the second homeland of the inhabitants of the tropics of South America, the first industrial plantations were laid, and selection work began.
Anturium Andre (Anthurium andreanum)
Thanks to the spectacular flowering, this kind of anthurium can be called the most famous in the world. Since the 70s of the century before last, when plants of this particular variety of anthurium were in the hands of its discoverer, the anturium Andrianum took one of the first places among pot plants and among plants intended for planting gardens and also for cutting.
Today, the florists are offered a variety of varieties of anturium Andre and unique hybrids that impress the imagination with a variety of shapes, colors and sizes of the inflorescence. The homeland of the species is the wooded mountain areas of Colombia, where at an altitude of about 2.5 km above sea level and the Anthuriums of Andre grow.
This plant, with a height of 50 to 150 cm, leads the life of the epiphyte, for which all its structure is adapted. Anthurium has a short juicy stem, on which long petioles of ovate pointed leaves are tightly attached. Leaf plates are leathery, dense. The average length of the leaf is from 20 to 40 cm, and its width is almost two times smaller.
Like other epiphytes, Anthurium André, on the stem acquires a number of aerial auxiliary roots, which help the plant to receive food and moisture from the atmospheric air. The species, according to the description of anthurium, is characterized by long flowering. And what many people usually consider an anthurium flower is its inflorescence, consisting of a veil or bract and cob, which unites many small flowers.
The veil can be heart-shaped or oval in shape, its fabric, as in the photo of the anturium brown color, leathery, with noticeable veins. On average, the bract can reach a length of 15-20 cm. Its width is somewhat narrower. As the flowers mature, the bract is bent, completely opening the light-cream or yellow cob.
It was thanks to the bright veil, the red anthurium and was once seen amid the riot of tropical colors. But today, in addition to varieties that please florists, scarlet bracts, it is not uncommon for plants with a variety of colors and cobs and bedspreads. You can see white, pink and even black anthuriums. There are varieties and hybrids with fantasy colors, combining several bright colors at once.
After pollination of flowers on the inflorescence, red or orange berries are formed, inside which is a pair of seeds. True, since modern flower growers are increasingly growing not varietal, but hybrid anthuriums, the seed reproduction of culture gives way to vegetative methods. And on industrial plantations for obtaining mass shoots use tissue culture.
This approach allows you to create and offer to fans of exotic plants anthurium species that are never found in nature. An example is the anthurium with two bracts pictured on the photo or complex interspecific hybrids with an unusual form of veil, miniature or, conversely, very large inflorescences.
Well-known to the growers variety of anthurium, at first sight paying attention due to the quaintly convoluted elongated inflorescence. Wild-growing Anthuriums of Scherzer were found in Guatemala and Costa Rica, where plants were chosen rather wet tropical forests at a level of one and a half thousand meters above sea level.
A perennial herbaceous plant lives on both forest litter and large woody plants. The height of the adult specimen of the anthurium of Scherzer reaches 30-40 cm. Like the anturium of Andre, in this species the trunk is either strongly shortened or absent altogether.
Wedged or pointed-elliptical foliage dense, saturated green. The surface of the sheet plate, reaching 20-30 cm in length, matte, dense to the touch.
Flowering can go on all the year round, but its peak falls on the period from February to July. In contrast to the anturium Andrianum, the inflorescence is not straight, but curved, and in cultural forms and represents a kind of spiral. Coverlet is oval, rarely heart-shaped. In wild forms and cobs, and bracts are often painted in red or scarlet tones.
The peculiarity of flowering of this variety of anthurium is that, due to the structure, plants can only transfer from one flower to another. The main pollinators in nature are insects. At home, where today the anthurium of Scherzer is encountered more and more often, it is necessary to use manual methods of transferring pollen.
At the moment, many varieties and hybrids with different coloring of inflorescences and the size of the plant itself have been deduced. An example of this is the depicted anthurium of Amaretti, an indoor plant with unusual bunches of bright red spots strewn with bright red spots.
There are both tall varieties, forming a rosette of 60 cm height, and small anthuriums blooming at a plant diameter of less than 10 cm.
To see the culture of pink anthurium Linden is not so often, although the bloom of this variety in beauty and duration is not inferior to the antiquity of Andre or Scherzer.
Like many other species, this naturally lives in Colombia, growing either under trees, on humid humus rich soil of the tropical forest, or settling on the plants themselves as a true epiphyte.
The root of the species is the tetrahedral section of the petioles and a beautiful pointy-cordate form of dense glossy leaves. On the leaf plate up to 30 cm long, lighter, olive-colored veins are clearly visible. Young foliage is easy to distinguish by a brighter, juicy shade, adult leaves are dark, leathery.
Unlike the anturium of Andre with the red bract, this species also forms in the wild nature an oval, narrowed to the pointed tip of a blanket of pure pink hue. On a high pedicel, up to 40 cm, a straight, white or cream cob is formed. Flowering is accompanied by a pleasant smell.
It is interesting that this is one of the oldest, cultivated species of anthurium, but it can be found not in home collections, but more often in orchards. In addition, the anthurium Linden is used to obtain interspecific hybrids.
Anturium Crystal (Anthurium crystallinum)
Since 1875, acquired the status of a cultural plant and another species of anthurium – anthurium crystal, in nature living in many forested areas of Peru and Colombia.
If the above were descriptions of anthuriums attracting attention by beautiful flowering, this species stands out with bright decorative foliage, which is not inferior to the spectacular leaves of the alocations.
The maximum height of the anthurium crystal stalk at home hardly reaches a meter, while the trunk is densely covered with the main property of the plant – velvety heart-shaped leaves. On which the bright relief veins are brightly outlined. The length of the leaf plate varies from 20 to 40 cm, and its width is slightly less.
If the young leaves can have a purple color, then with age, the green color on them is more saturated and darker. Cuttings of leaves long, thin, drooping. The back of the sheet is whitish or silvery-green.
Although flowering, as in other species of domestic anturiums, is very long, it can not be called decorative or spectacular. Peduncles Anthurium, as in the photo, reach a length of 40 cm and have a yellowish or pink-cream color. The cover is much smaller than the ear, spreading the sharp aroma of the carnation, and is sometimes difficult to distinguish. Its width is only 2 cm, and the length does not exceed 9 cm. The color is white, greenish or dull-violet.
Today, there are many hybrid forms of beautifully flowering and decorative-deciduous anthuriums, where the anthurium crystal was used when crossing.
Although in a plant culture the plant is not grown very often, it perfectly tolerates all the hardships of home conditions and decorates any interior. In the wild, this species of anturium can still be found today in the Lesser Antilles, in the tropical forests of Suriname, Trinidad and in some parts of Guiana.
The diameter of the adult rosette depicted in the photo of the anthurium is 150-250 cm, height about 60 cm. The stem is poorly expressed, the leaves are large, elliptical, narrowed to the base. When you look closely at the leaf plates of a bright green hue, you can see a pattern of black tiny spots. In comparison with other species and varieties of anthurium, in this case the petioles of the leaves are quite short and hardly reach 4 cm in length.
To achieve flowering and the appearance on the anthurium of purple or dirty-purple cobs with small green bracts at home is not easy. If this works out, an almost one-meter-tall flower stalk of anthurium is formed, as in the photo, crowned with a cob about 30 cm long and an oblong bract, slightly shorter than the inflorescence. After pollination on the ear, white and red blush ripen with juicy berries.
According to the description of anthuriums, most often grown at home – these are plants that do not have a real stem. But, it turns out, there are exceptions.
This is often found in the collections of fans of arid anthurium climbing. The plant represents a liana-like epiphyte, forming long shoots, covered with oval leathery leaves, and thick air roots. In the forests of Central and South America, such thick roots help him to climb not only on the trunks of trees, but also to anchor himself on the rocks.
The flowering of the anthurium presented in the photo does not differ in decorativeness, but the ripening berries adorn the anthurium very well. Unlike other representatives of the genus, forming orange or red fruits, the berries of the climbing anturium are white or purple. They are formed on the place of a yellowish or green cob, slightly covered by a narrow green bract. Since flowering is almost constant, on the pot plant you can immediately see several small attractive brushes with berries.
This is one of the most interesting species of anthurium, grown both at home and in winter gardens. The description of the anthurium of Vendliger says that it is a large epiphyte, forming stems up to 20 cm long. The leaves of the plant are leathery, elongated-lanceolate, even green in color, fastened on the stalk with the help of short petioles. The length of the plate reaches 80 cm, and its width does not exceed 11 cm.
A distinctive feature of this variety of anthurium is the branching air roots, which are rivaling the foliage and having a green or brown color.
Special ornamentality to the plant is attached to long, curled inflorescences-cobs and stipules. The length of the cob can vary from 13 to 42 cm, and its diameter is from 3 to 7 mm. Pale green or yellowish inflorescences stand out vividly against the background of dark foliage, while the veils, also folded in a tight spiral, are not always noticeable. They are rather thin, elongated and painted in purple or purple tones. With a width of only about a centimeter, the length of the bract usually does not exceed 11-15 cm. Such a violet anthurium is difficult to use in cutting, but it will perfectly decorate the interior or greenhouse.