Croton is a unique culture in many respects. In the photo, the croton is struck by the splendor of colors and the variety of forms of leaves. It is difficult to believe that the foliage of plants within one species can be elongated-lanceolate, round and pointed-elliptical, three-fingered or oval. And where is it seen that the leaves on living and healthy trees and bushes curl into curls or turn into the right spiral?
If in other decorative cultures such foliage behavior would be considered a manifestation of the disease or the consequences of pest infestation, then for a croton, a cunea mottled, how correctly this species is called, this is an amazing, but norm.
Many-faced croton or colorful codaemia
17 species of codioma were found and described in eastern India and in several regions of southeast Asia. But only Codiaeum variegatum attracted the attention of lovers of decorative cultures. True, in the environment of flower growers around the world, the correct species name has taken root, and the name “Croton”, botanists, is considered a plant of a completely different appearance and origin.
The perennial evergreen plant has an erect, branching stem, covered with large dense foliage. Being in favorable conditions, in nature or at home, the croton can grow to 3-4 meters, but it is unlikely to see such a giant grown in a pot. Most often, the room croton, as in the photo, is much smaller and does not exceed 50-100 cm in height.
Skin large leaves of the croton can not be forgotten due to the variety of colors that most unexpectedly coexist on leaf blades and remain bright throughout the year, despite the season. And in most varieties, as in the presented photo of the croton, contrastingly delineated veins on the leaves are clearly distinguished.
The unique gamut and variety of forms of foliage is the main, attractive force that has made the variegated codieum or croton one of the most popular indoor plants in the whole world.
Croton flower: Cinderella on the royal ball
In this case, not all growers can say that they saw how the Croton flowers. Although the inflorescence of this plant can not compete with foliage neither in size, nor in shape, nor in the brightness of shades, but they are also worthy of attention. Non-dense racemose inflorescence is formed in the axils of the leaves and combines 1.5-2 dozen small whitish flowers. Croton flowers are divided into male and female specimens that open simultaneously, but are located on different inflorescences.
The first is easy to recognize by the presence of small bent petals and fluffy stamens, thanks to which they look like small pom-poms.
But the female croton flowers, as in the photo, are hardly noticeable and unattractive, like Cinderella, who lost her shoe and sparkled with the lights of the royal castle.
Croton’s classification: photos of varieties and varieties
All specimens of the croton of the codieum grown in room conditions are numerous hybrid forms belonging to the same botanical species Codiaeum variegatum, which among other plant communities can rightfully be considered unique. This becomes clear if we consider representatives of this type of croton in the photo.
Not only are such images literally stunning with the riot of tropical colors, but they also surprise with the variety of shapes of leaf blades. It is on the last note that the modern classification of crotones is being conducted. In addition to plants with oval, elongated-lanceolate or pointed-elliptical leaves, today there are more bizarre varieties and hybrids at the disposal of flower growers.
In trilobate, trilobium, and lobate, lobatum forms of croton large leaves are divided into three parts, resembling the foliage of oak or fig. There are also more exotic species with strongly separated or narrowed lateral lobes. An example of a three-lobed shape can serve as the well-known crotoners of the croton of Excelent with decorative variegated foliage.
The narrow-leaved, or angustifolium, a form of croton very popular among florists. The plants have a long linear foliage growing up to 20-40 cm, decorated with a lot of green spots scattered along a dark green background. An example of such a croton flower in the photo clearly shows the unique appearance of the plant.
The pridatkovidnaya or appendiculatum form of a sheet of croton, as in the photo, can be considered one of the most amazing in the plant world. The leaf plate is ovoid or lanceolate, tapering to the apex, turns into a kind of second cuttings, which through some interval again widens, forming a continuation of the leaf plate.
Such croton plants, as in the photo, have mainly green foliage, but there are also variegated specimens.
Always cause a lot of surprise and admiration for plants with unusual curly leaves.
In this photo, the croton of a variety of crispum can have completely different sizes and colors, from patchy yellow-green to purple, pink, purple or almost black.
Another unique creation of nature – the spiral form of a variety of cultivated plants of the subspecies of Spirale have elongated linear leaves, which around the central veins are gradually twisted into a spiral. The color and degree of twisting from the plant to the plant vary considerably.
An unusual rounded shape is acquired by plants of the croton of the form volutum. Their foliage is strongly arched on the central vein so that all the tips of the leaves are turned inside the crown.