In nature, the syngonium is distributed through the ripening seeds, as well as vegetatively. But in pot culture the plant does not bloom, and the reproduction of the syngonium in the room conditions is carried out with the help of cuttings.
How to properly get and root cuttings? When it is necessary to transplant, and with what difficulties of cultivation of the syngonium an amateur florist can come across?
To grow a syngonium, even a beginner can. This houseplant is not only one of the most beautiful decorative and deciduous lianas, but also the easiest to handle.
Reproduction of the syngonium by cuttings
To obtain a new specimen, it is sufficient to root the apexes of the stems cut from the adult syngonium or pieces from their middle.
The main thing is that on each of the cuttings there should be at least one knot with a kidney sleeping in the bosom. When the roots of the brownish bud form below the knot, the bud wakes up and becomes the point of growth of the new shoot.
Prepare and root the planting material at any time of the year, but it is best to cut off shoots in spring, when the active vegetation period begins. The winter growth is weaker than the spring and summer, the leaves are smaller, and the internode is longer, so for breeding the syngonium in room conditions, stocky cuttings that appeared in the spring are taken.
The rooting of the syngonium is easiest in water, in which a tablet of activated carbon is added to prevent rot. In the place of the rudiments of air roots, after a week, real white rhizomes become visible. When they grow to 5-7 cm the stem is ready for transfer to the ground.
Pruning allows not only to multiply the plant, but also to improve the appearance of the adult syngonium, which begins to branch below the cutoff point.
If desired, the syngonium can be rooted:
- in a light peat-sand mixture with the addition of ground sphagnum;
- in washed disinfected sand;
- in the vermiculite.
In this case, the seedling must be put in a greenhouse or covered with a pot with a packet. The optimum temperature for the formation of its own root system is 22-26 ° C. To prevent condensation from causing rot, the plant should be regularly ventilated and do not forget about maintaining the soil moisture.
Transposition of the syngonium
The first pot for a syngonium transplant should not be large. One drop can take a container with a diameter of 7-9 cm, but it is better to plant the syngonium on several plants. In this case, the green hat over the pot is especially lush and decorative.
When choosing a pot for transplantation, plastic containers should be preferred, whose diameter is approximately equal to the depth. At the bottom should be a drainage hole for draining excess moisture.
As true epiphytes, the syngoniums do not need too much soil. Therefore, if the house already has an adult specimen, the signal for its transplantation is the appearance of roots from the drainage hole.
Depending on the conditions created for the plant, as well as its type, it is necessary to transplant a green pet to a new pot at a frequency of 2-3 years. But the young, newly planted copies of the Syngonium transplant is required annually. The best time for this is spring:
- To prevent the emergence of diseases and pests of the syngonium, a previously prepared loose substrate is disinfected.
- At the bottom of the pot set up a support, which is sprinkled with drainage keramzit.
- The drainage layer is covered with moist soil, on which, carefully distributing the roots, the syngonium is placed. If a large plant is subjected to a transplant, the old soil is not removed, but the rotten and damaged rhizomes are neatly cut off.
- The gaps between the walls of the pot and the plant are filled with soil, which is gently compacted and watered.
After transplanting the syngonium, its growth point must remain above the surface of the substrate.
As a support for the flower take ready-made posts on the basis of a moss reinforced around the tube. However, an equally reliable design can be made by hand from a piece of plastic pipe and twine.
To plant it is convenient to climb up, the surface of the tube is lubricated with a moisture-resistant glue, over which a fibrous rope is uniformly wound.
Possible difficulties in growing the syngonium
Сингониум unpretentious, is very tenacious and does not demand from the florist vigilant attention. The most frequent “problem” that leads newcomers into confusion is the appearance on the leaf plates of small drops of water. Do not worry. So the plant regulates the moisture, removing excess water through the leaves.
It is necessary to be cautious with other symptoms. For example, in excessively dry air, lack of irrigation or too high air temperature, the syngonyum reacts by drying the tips of the leaves.
The oppression of growth, yellowing of the foliage and a decrease in its size causes a lack of nutrition in the soil, as well as the presence of the flower under direct sunlight. In the latter case, the leaves not only grow smaller, they pale, losing their decorative coloration.
After the plant has been transferred to comfortable conditions, the feeding schedule has been normalized or the syngonium has been transplanted, the old pot “overgrown”, the situation is getting better.
Worse, if the difficulties in growing the system are caused by a systematic overflow of the plant. Unfortunately, rot on stems, appearance on leaves of dry brown spots are secondary signs, which are preceded by decay of roots. In this case, the flower is best transplanted, after removing the damaged rhizomes, and the sections of the sections are treated with powder from wood or activated carbon.
Particularly prone to putrefactive infections and pest attack are young syngoniums, which, when reproduced in room conditions, immediately took root in the soil. Therefore, it is so important not to allow the formation of condensate inside the greenhouse and to plant the cuttings only in a sterile substrate.
Of pests on a flower, spider mite, thrips and mealybugs are most often attacked. If the plant is kept in the summer in the garden or on the balcony, infection with a scab and aphids is not ruled out. From the greenhouse in which the plant was before sale, a whitefly sometimes enters the house. For all these insects, there are effective insecticides and affordable folk remedies, but you can achieve lasting success only with the constant care of a beautiful indoor culture.