In the numerous family of Yakovtkovs there is a mass of plants possessing both surprising decorative features, and an unusual aroma, and other useful properties. If the dacha owner wants his site to be decorated with lavender, planting and care in the open – a key moment on the road to success.
A perennial ethereal-oilseed culture up to 60 cm high with spiky blue or purple inflorescence became a symbol of Provence. Lavender is grown in the Mediterranean, and in Russia it is planted in the Crimea and the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.
Can a heat-loving plant take root in the middle band? How to tame the culture of a gardener in Siberia or the Urals?
Among the plants related to lavender are a lot of those that, as a result of growing on homestead plots, were completely assimilated, becoming part of the native flora. And some of them are all well-known wild plants. This motherwort and oregano, thyme and mint, cat and lofant.
For the southern heat-loving beauty, the climatic conditions of our country are not always comfortable. And yet, the planting of lavender in the ground is possible. The main thing is to choose the right place, time and observe the rules of care.
The timing of planting lavender into the ground
Of all varieties of lavender, the most frost-hardy and unpretentious is Lavandula angustifolia or lavender narrow-leaved.
Under cover, it can survive frosts down to -35 ° C, which is quite relevant with winter temperatures not only in the central part of the country, but even in the Urals or in Siberia.
Lavender multiplies by seeds and vegetatively with the help of parts of an adult bush, rooted cuttings or layers.
In the first case, as with many other decorative perennials:
- at home on seedlings, small seeds are sown in early spring;
- at the onset of stable heat, seeds can be sown to beds;
- The planting of lavender in the soil in autumn is carried out for the production of plants as early as next year.
Approximately flowering helps vegetative reproduction. In this case, the seedlings with their own root system fall into the soil in the second half of the summer or in the fall. Specific terms directly depend on climatic and weather conditions.
In the middle lane, the planting of lavender into the open ground and the care of it are subject to rules common to all regions. Seeds should get into the warmed soil, when germs will not be threatened by spring frosts. And before that, in order to accelerate germination, they are stratified in a refrigerator.
In the central part of Russia, such conditions for sowing are formed by the second half of May. In the regions north and east, the soil warms up even later. Unfortunately, our summer is short for lavender. Seedlings often die without experiencing the winter. Therefore, the planting of lavender in the open ground in the Urals, for example, is preferable to seedlings obtained as a result of winter or early spring sowing, or saplings obtained from an adult bush.
Planting lavender into the soil with seedlings
In late February or March, when the term of stratification is over, the seeds are sown over the surface of a mixture of fertile garden land and sand. Preliminarily, the substrate is useful to sterilize and disassemble from large inclusions.
The crops are sprinkled with a thin layer of sand and put in a home greenhouse. Sprouting occurs in the light at a temperature of 17-22 ° C. To maintain moisture, the ground is periodically sprinkled with warm water, and to prevent the appearance of mold, the container is ventilated. The first shoots should become a signal that plants need additional illumination. When the seedlings grow, they are dived, sitting at a distance of 5 centimeters.
Before planting lavender in the ground it is convenient to use peat pots. They plant well develop, their roots are protected from decay and do not suffer during the transfer to the garden.
At the end of May, it is time to land in the soil and care for lavender in the suburbs. For plants, choose dry, ventilated and well-lit places, the soil on which has a pH level of not more than 6.5-7.5. The site is dug into a bayonet, along with the peat loosening the earth, humus and, if not necessary, dolomite flour.
Seedlings carefully transplanted, leaving between plants no less than 70-90 cm of free space, it is necessarily useful for growing bushes. During planting, the tillering point is slightly buried, then the soil is compacted and carefully spilled.
Autumnal lavender crops are practiced only in the southern regions, where the seeds do not freeze, and the sprouting sprouts can immediately go into growth without fear of spring colds. After seeding the seeds in the soil, the beds are watered, and with the first frosts abundantly covered with snow.
Planting lavender into the soil with cuttings, bush parts and layers
If there is an adult plant on the site, you can:
- divide it, having received seedlings with growth points and root system;
- get cuttings, which after rooting can easily be planted in the ground;
- create conditions for the formation of stem layers.
The bush of lavender intended for division before wintering is carefully hilled, and shoots are cut at an altitude of 10 centimeters. In the spring, the hilling is repeated, stimulating the formation of young growth. Prepared in this way, the bush in autumn is excavated and divided into separate parts. Immediately, lavender is planted in the soil, in autumn the plant has time to acclimatize and prepare for the winter.
In the spring and summer, lavender shoots are used for propagation. 8-10 centimeters of stems are planted in moist sand, deepening 2-3 cm. In the greenhouse for the summer cuttings form roots. With further home care for lavender, planting it in open ground is carried out in May or early June.
In order to get the cuttings, the selected strong shoots in spring are tipped to the ground and buried, secured with a metal stud at a depth of several centimeters.
During the summer, the layers are taken care of by weeding around the soil and watering the places of root formation. In autumn such saplings are separated from the mother’s bush and planted in a permanent place in the garden.
Lavender care after planting in open ground
Lavender is planted for fragrant blue-purple inflorescences. But on young plants in the first year of life, all buds are cut, not waiting for flowering. This will strengthen the planting of lavender in the open ground, and care for them will make it easier and more effective. Throughout the life of the bushes they must be weeded and watered.
Lavender refers to hardy crops, but for lush flowering it needs moisture. In hot weather, watering should become abundant and frequent.
Adult shrubs form a thick, dense cushion on the surface of the soil, so the soil beneath them loosens problematically, but keeping a clean area around is very important. The layer of peat mulch will help to save moisture and airiness of the soil.
Support the density of the crown helps spring-autumn hilling. It stimulates the formation of young shoots, gradually replacing the aging twigs. Cutting of plants serves the same purpose. It is carried out after flowering and during it. For shrubs at the age of 7 – 10 years recommended rejuvenating pruning, during which all shoots are shortened to 5 cm in length.
For the fertilization of lavender, mixtures with a predominance of potassium stimulating the formation of buds are used. Nitrogen is introduced in spring in moderate quantities.
Southern cultures, including lavender in Russian conditions, are at risk of frost. To prevent this from happening, the bushes before the frosts are covered with lapnik, non-woven fabric or other air-permeable, “breathing” types of protection, and then abundantly sprinkled with fallen snow.