Molodilo, able to take root among the stones, content with drops of water and multiplying in the most difficult conditions, is rightly recognized as the most unpretentious plant. If you chose a young plant to decorate the rock garden, curbs or other corners of the garden, planting and outdoor care of the plant will not require serious effort from the site owner.
Related to the Tolstyankov family numerous species of young people are found not only on flower beds and alpine hills. These succulents are quite appropriate in the forest and forest-steppe zones of Europe and Asia. Grassy winter-hardy perennials are extremely undemanding to the conditions of growth, reproduce by seeds, but more often form a dense semblance of carpet, occupying the territory with the help of daughter plants.
In garden design, this feature of culture is actively used, and its unpretentiousness, and the surprising decorativeness of compact star-shaped rosettes of thickened leaves, thanks to which one of the names “stone rose” became young.
How and when to plant young in the open ground? What do you need to know about caring for the plant?
Features and methods of reproduction
Today the young is becoming more popular. As a green garden decoration, more than a dozen species of this plant are used, and the number of harvested varieties has long exceeded a few hundred. Horticultural centers and nurseries for planting and caring for juveniles in the open ground offer summer residents young rooted sockets and seeds.
Using child plants is much easier. They easily take root in a new place and soon give themselves a small, sitting on elongated shoots-mustache offspring.
The amusing shape of a large, flower-strewn rosette predetermined another name of the young, under which the plant is known in the US and Europe. This is a “hen with chickens.”
Seeds grew young more difficult. But for those gardeners who want to replenish their collection at once with a lot of unlike each other unpretentious plants, it is worth trying to learn how to grow young for open soil from seeds.
Growing young from seed in open ground
In order to land young in the middle of the summer, the crop is sown in February or early March. Seedlings do not need a large layer of soil, so choose a wide, but not a deep container with drainage holes.
To plant a young one, you need a light, aerated substrate, which prevents moisture stagnation. Succulents do not need a lot of nutrients, so for seedlings the ready-made cactus composition or a mixture of equal parts of peat and sand with the addition of crushed charcoal is quite suitable.
Seeds are spread over a damp surface and barely priporoshivayut fresh soil. Sprouting proceeds under the film or glass. Until the shoots appear, the greenhouse is ventilated from time to time, preventing condensation from forming. With the advent of sprouts, the capacity is transferred to the sun, moderately, but regularly watered.
That the seedlings were strong, they need a lot of light. But direct sunlight, especially in the midday hours can cause burns of young, fragile leaf blades.
Approximately two months later, the plants are dived, spreading for 5-6 cm from each other. Almost all those intended for planting in the open ground of the variety were young enough to be ready for landing by July.
Planting young in the open ground and care of seedlings
Before planting grown or collected from adult plants rosettes, you need to choose a suitable site. In the sun, young forms more dense decorative rosettes than in the shade. In addition, small plants are easily lost among the taller population of the flowerbed. Therefore, for planting young and care for it in the open ground more suitable places on the curbs, foreground rock garden or flowerbed. Culture excellently inhabits the balcony boxes, flowerpots.
Molodil unpretentious, but it grows better in open sunny places with light soil. Her fertility plays a minor role.
The rosettes grow well even on rocky slides with a small layer of soil and almost no humus sand. In a dense clay soil or chernozem add sand, a useful component of the substrate is crushed charcoal, small expanded clay or pebbles. They are also used for mulching the soil surface after planting.
The daughter outlets on the juveniles appear in June, then they quickly grow up and after a couple of weeks are ready to be transferred to a new permanent place. In a number of regions of the Urals, in the north-west and in Siberia, planting has grown young in the open ground and care of new plants in the flower bed can be postponed for 7-10 days, but this does not affect the survival of the unpretentious decorative culture.
Before planting young rosettes, it is very important to rid the soil of weedy, especially perennial, breeding rhizomes. When the young began to grow, the appearance of weeds will worsen the appearance of the flowerbed, but getting rid of them without harming the cultural species will be very difficult.
The distance between individual rosettes during planting depends on the varietal characteristics and the growth rate. The larger the adult specimens, the less often the planting of young plants grew young. On average, the interval between the holes is 5-10 cm. But next year on the site of single outlets there will be a luxurious carpet with rich texture and palette.
Care of the young in the open ground
The young is put in a moist soil, then the area is gently watered using a dissector. In the future, most of the cultural species do without additional care. Only in the particularly hot months, the youths become discolored and lose their tone, letting them know about the moisture deficit.
The plant is excellent for small sprinkling, which does not erode the soil and does not violate the integrity of the green coating.
While rosettes do not grow, it is important to maintain looseness and cleanliness of the soil. Feeding for molodila not necessary. If they are carried out, then only by liquid means in the spring and during the active formation of children.
With minimal care after planting in the open ground, the young were already fully rooted and grown up by the fall. Therefore, such plants are well wintered. But ate belatedly with landing, not acclimatized rosettes are affected by frosts and do not live to winter.
Save the seats seated in August and September, you can hide them for the winter lapnika or cover material. In the spring, the snow melting field, this protection must be removed immediately so that the plants do not rot.
Adult plants before wintering are cleared of wilted peduncles, dead leaves and other plant remains. As the plants retire to rest with green leaves, caring for the young in the open in the winter includes maintaining a sufficient layer of snow above the flower bed. Greater attention to the young is not needed. As soon as the spring heat comes, and snowdrifts melt, taut green sockets appear young.