Growing pahistahis at home, whose species will be described further on, is quite simple. The main thing is to observe certain conditions and take into account the characteristics of a particular plant species.
Pahistahis is a plant of the Akantov family, its name is literally translated as a “thick ear”. The homeland of this unusual and very bright evergreen perennial bush are the tropical forests of America, the coasts in the east of Australia and the rain forests in the east of India.
The genus pahistahis includes about 7-17 species of plants. But the most popular and suitable for growing at home are its following types:
- pahistahis yellow;
- red pahistahis;
- glossy pahastahis;
- pahistahis caliptrocalis.
The remaining species can be found only in the natural habitats of the pahistahis, they are not cultivated by humans.
This type of plant growers often buy to decorate their home. It is an evergreen upright bush, the height of which can reach 100 – 120 cm. The stems in the upper part of the plant are covered with a thin crust of dark green color, and in the lower part – lignified. The emerald shiny leaves of the pachistahis have an oval, elongated and narrowed to the base form. Their width is of the order of 5-6 cm, and the length varies from 15 to 20 cm. The leaves are crosswise, opposite.
In flowering period, namely from the beginning of summer to the beginning of autumn, large flowers 10-15 cm long resembling the ear are bloomed on the pachistachis yellow. Over time, white, cream or slightly yellowish flowers of a tubular form unfold from each bract, located on the ear. Their diameter is only 5 cm.
This is a fairly unpretentious plant species. However, requires abundant watering and frequent spraying in the hot season. When aphids, mealybugs or whiteflies appear on the trunk and leaves of the plant, pahistahisis should be treated with a usual protective agent.
The homeland of this species is the tropical forests of South America. Pahistahis red, in contrast to the yellow species, has bracts of a dark green color. From them further beautiful and unusual bright red halos are blossoming.
In height, the red pahistahis can reach two meters. That is why this kind of plant is not practically cultivated at home, but it is great for growing in large greenhouses. On the shiny surface of the oval dark green leaves, sometimes there may appear maroon veins and divorces. The beginning of flowering is in the middle of spring.
This is perhaps the most demanding kind of pahistahis. That is why it is almost never grown at home, it can be found in greenhouses and botanical gardens.
In appearance, the pahistahis spikelet resembles the red pahistahis. In height, it can reach one meter and form a fairly thick and lush bush. The bract is a completely nondescript dark green color, but in the flowering period on it a large number of bright red corollas are formed. A brilliant leaf of emerald color can reach a length of 25 cm.
This species can reach 2 meters in height, which is why it can rarely be found in a house or apartment, most often grown in greenhouses. The trunk of the pahistahis caliptricalis is considerably narrower than in the other species. The leaves have a pinnate, oval shape, are located opposite, slightly stretched to the ends. Young leaf blades are painted in dark maroon color, which is later replaced by emerald.
Features of care
Despite the relative unpretentiousness of the bush, it still has some requirements for care:
- high humidity;
- sufficient illumination;
- temperature above + 16-20 ° C;
- acidic soil reaction;
- good drainage.
Growing pachistahis at home, the types of which have been described above, require certain conditions to be observed. The plant belongs to the heat-loving and light-loving tropical species, which prefer a fairly bright but diffuse light. It is recommended to grow shrubs on the windows of the eastern or north-eastern part of the house.
To create conditions that are as close to natural as possible, the temperature in the room must be at least + 16 ° C. Lower temperatures will result in abundant dropping of leaves and a long restoration of the plant. In summer, the plant is recommended to take out on the balcony.
The soil for tropical shrubs is preferably chosen with acidic reactions and with good air permeability. It is also necessary to have a layer of drainage from claydite with a thickness of 2.5-3 cm. For the most comfortable growth of pahistahisu, a flower pot with a volume of at least 2.5-3 liters is required.
To obtain a high and spreading culture, it is worthwhile to grow one plant in one flower pot. In order for the pahystahis to look like a lush bush with a large number of inflorescences it is recommended to plant 3-4 plants per one low flower pot of a large diameter
Since pahistahis belongs to tropical plants, it is particularly demanding for increased soil moisture. It is necessary to regularly water the plant with standing water at room temperature. In winter, watering is reduced to a minimum. And in the hot season the shrub requires additional spraying.
In the period from the beginning of spring to the beginning of autumn, the bush can be fed with complex fertilizer twice a month. This will get a brighter and more abundant flowering.
Transplant the plant is necessary once a year, in the spring. If the plant has been growing for a long time, it is enough once every two or three years. To form a thick and lush bush, you can cut pahistahis. Thanks to this, it will be possible to hide the exposed stem of the plant.
Reproduction of shrubs is done by apical petioles in the spring or summer period.
Apparently, pahistahis refers to a rather unpretentious, but, nevertheless, requiring special conditions for plants. Proper care and compliance with all the recommendations will grow an exotic plant at home unusually beautiful!