Irises are a real decoration of any flowerbed and flower garden. Iris Siberian differs unpretentiousness and resistance to cold, rapid growth and abundant flowering. Dense plantings of dwarf irises look beautiful along the curbs. Tall varieties grow well along fences and hedges. There are several hundred varieties of Siberian irises, differing in height and shape of the flower, the terms of flowering and the structure of the leaves.
Iris Siberian – description and features
The advantages of Siberian iris are obvious – it is endurance to severe environmental conditions, resistance to diseases, simple care, color diversity and the possibility of rapid growth.
All irises in nature are divided into two groups:
- Irises with a beard on the lower petals, that is, bearded.
- Irises, which have no beard, that is, are notorious.
Iris Siberian Iris Sibirica has no beard, it has smooth silky petals, a bouquet of quaint shape, large enough. On one stem several flowers are formed at once – 2 and 3. The natural shade of the plant is blue-blue. Hybrid varieties have a wide variety of colors – white, pink, yellow, red, burgundy, lilac. On the petals of the Siberian iris, two shades can be combined at once.
Due to successful work of breeders, about 800 cultivars were bred. Beautiful viable flowers adorn the best gardens of Europe, the Caucasus and Turkey.
Iris Siberian photo and description:
- The classical flower consists of six petals, three narrow, directed upwards, and three lower ones, wider and curved to the bottom.
- Near the base of the petals there is a peephole – a contrasting color spot, along the petals can pass a rim.
- Hybrid varieties can only have wide or only narrow petals, their stems can branch.
- The difference in varieties is manifested not only in the staining of peduncles, but also in their texture. There are Siberian irises with terry and smooth petals, with a corrugated and even edge.
The main feature of the Siberian iris is the strength of the stem. Even, reaching 100 and 120 cm in height, the plant does not need additional support. There are medium-sized, stunted and dwarf varieties with a different number of peduncles. Most of the varieties blossom in June, there are varieties with a late flowering period, occurring in July and August. Also allocate remontant varieties, which have time to fade for a warm season twice – in the spring and in the autumn.
Siberian Iris – varietal variety
Irises Siberian photos of varieties and their description:
- Harpswell Haze. It has a large flowery tender gentle lilac-blue hue with pronounced dark veins. For a long time can grow without a transplant, a viable and unpretentious flower.
- White Swirl. White Siberian iris with a delicate golden tint, characterized by a large peduncle – up to 15 cm and a long flowering period. A perennial bush can spread to the site, a meter in length and width.
- Leader of Altai. Domestic variety, is endowed with several names – kotatek, cockerel, bells. Each stem retains from 3 to 6 peduncles, while simultaneously blooming in 2 flowers of a saturated blue hue.
- Hubbard. This iris reaches an average height – from 60 to 80 cm, has a large flower stalk of an unusual purple-violet hue. A distinctive feature is a yellow or white smear in the base of the lower petals.
- Hohenflug. One of the highest irises among the Siberian, it can reach a height of 160 cm. It has large peduncles with wide petals of dark blue color.
Iris Siberian – rules of planting and care
Planting and care for Siberian iris is not very difficult, plants are generously and beautifully blossomed on open areas. The duration of flowering depends on the variety, it can take from 2 weeks to a month. Moderate humidity – a pledge of rapid spread and lush bushiness. For culture, a neutral soil medium is preferred.
Iris Siberian landing:
- spring – March and May month;
- autumn – August and September.
The rules of autumn iris planting – a month before the onset of stable cold weather, so that plants can be established in the open ground. Transplanting and planting Siberian irises in spring should be carried out after frosts and in well-warmed soil.
Irises like a nutritious and loose soil, they need systematic feeding – after transplantation, at the time of bud formation and after flowering.
Rhizomes and bulbs usually do not recede, the central bud always remains on the surface. The plants need careful loosening to avoid touching the tender roots, watering when the soil dries up, removing dead parts and weeds. With age, the flowering of the bush is weakened, so it is necessary to plant the culture in new places.
Iris Siberian in landscape design
The variety of varieties of Siberian iris, with a variety of shades of the flower, the height of the stems and the vastness of the bush, allows it to be widely used to decorate any landscape:
- In the foreground. In the first tier, it is better to plant varieties of irises with an open flower with cupped petals of the brightest and juicy shades – red, blue, yellow, orange, white.
- Behind. High and powerful irises serve as a beautiful backdrop for other plants and flowers.
- In the center of the flower bed. Effectively and brightly, the tall irises look in the middle of an island flower bed or a circular flower garden.
- By the pond. Harmoniously it looks like an iris planted along the shore of a pond or lake.
- On the lawn. Group flowers are appropriate among the green lawn, their decorativeness does not decrease at all before and after flowering.
- For the rockery. Low grades are in demand for decorating rockeries and alpine hills. They are planted in separate specimens and in small groups.
- Complex landscape. Rhizome irises are planted on the slopes for beauty and to prevent their shattering.
- Along the paths. The dense greenery of irises is ideal for the design of garden paths, along fences and hedges.
Experienced growers recommend to often divide and transplant irises. These measures do not allow old plants to grow, help to increase their decorative qualities and prolong the flowering period. Without transplanting bushes can grow in one place for 5 and 10 years in a row.
Irises are Siberian popular and multifunctional flowers. They are beautiful, unpretentious and fragrant. These plants are sung by poets, portrayed by artists and adored by gardeners. For each garden there is a suitable variety. Live beauty can be brought to the house – irises long stand in the cut.