Varieties of ficus with photos and names

Three-color form of the fig tree of the rubberEven experienced florists sometimes can not imagine how numerous varieties of ficuses, photos with names and descriptions of plants will help to make their own opinion about them. In the traditional view, entrenched even in the middle of the last century, the ficus is a large evergreen shrub or tree, covered with large dense leaves of an almost oval shape. Ficuses were abundantly found in apartments and in all kinds of institutions due to their unpretentiousness.

Today, not only everyone knows the ficus of rubber plants, but also many other more spectacular species, as well as variegated varieties and hybrids, at the disposal of indoor planters.

Ficus elastica

Ficus rubber on the streets of the cityFor the title of the most famous among the relatives, the ficus of the rubber can rightly be claimed. It was at the beginning of the last century that he was considered a true sign of philistinism and an unacceptable bourgeois way of life for a Soviet citizen.

In the wild, somewhere in the tropical forests of India or in Malaysia, this ficus looks completely different than it used to be. The average growth of large trees is 30 meters, and individual specimens reach a 60-meter height. The diameter of the trunks reaches up to two meters, and from the numerous shoots hang thin air roots, providing a powerful plant with additional food and, if possible, rooting.

Fruits and leaves of the ficus of the rubberThe ficus has recognizable leathery leaves, reaching a length of 30 cm and having an almost elliptical shape. The central vein is clearly visible and is somewhat impressed on the leaf plate. In natural conditions, the rubber-bearing ficus blossoms, after which small round fruits are formed on it, containing many small seeds.

Ficus elastica RobustaAt home, flowering is extremely rare, but the flower is growing very actively. Therefore, the crown must be cut off, otherwise the reluctantly branching shoots immeasurably lengthen and lose shape.

Among the available varietal plants, by popularity, the ficus of Robust is in the lead – an attractive large plant with powerful green leaves and sparse shoots.

In addition to varieties with even green foliage, breeders also offer spectacular variegated forms. Large leaves of such plants are chaotically painted in all shades of green, white and even pink. And pink or purple reflections are better visible on young shoots and only unfolding foliage. On some plants of the ficus of the rubber, such a color disappears as the foliage grows up.

There are also tri-colored forms, the upper leaves of which are greener and are distinguished by a bright pink vein, while the lower ones acquire a sizo-purple hue.

Ficus MelanieAmong the rather miniature varieties, it is possible to distinguish Melanie ficus with dark glossy leaves up to 20 cm long. Young, willingly bushy shoots and foliage of the plant are colored in rich reddish-brown tones. The leaves are more pointed than the ficus of Robusta.

Ficus Benjamin (Ficus benjamina)

Photo of Benjamin ficus in natureFicus brilliant is more famous in the world as a ficus of Benjamin, according to a photo of which it is difficult to assume that this is the closest relative of the previously described species. The plant attracts with an elegant form of thin branches, which in time form a spreading, somewhat drooping crown, and also finer and shallower than the ficus of the rubber-leaf foliage.

Leaves and fruits of the fig tree of BenjaminThe ficus of Benjamin in the south of Asia and the northern regions of Australia is represented by a tall tree up to 25-30 meters in nature.

The air roots that form on the shoots can reach the ground at high air humidity and successfully take root. As a result, one tree forms a large living area of ​​arbor or banyan.

This is one of the small-leaved ficuses. Sharpened with an even edge, the leaf plates do not exceed 10 cm in length and can be either monophonic or mottled.

The variegated form of the ficus of BenjaminFor growing at home today, many varieties with a more compact crown, low growth, small decorative foliage are displayed.

Among the latest achievements of plant breeders with a really curved, like twisted foliage. An example of this is the Curly variety, in which the leaf blades are not only arched, but also painted in a light green and white color. The Buklee variety leaves are larger and completely green, but they also look like an unusual tight curl. The varieties Monique and Golden Monique foliage beautifully twisted around the edge.

Ficus Benjamin NatashaFicus Benjamin Natasha is a well-known small-leaved variety with rich green leaves, compact crown and medium increments. The plant is well shaped and easy to care for.

Variety Wiandi is like the image of the ficus of Benjamin Natasha pictured on the photo, but because of the natural tendency to curving the stems will be a real gift for beginners bonsai lovers. The plant has small foliage and a slow growth rate, which for culture is a significant advantage.

Ficus KinkiThe variegated Kinky Ficus is another common type of Benjamin fig. A characteristic feature of this variegated plant is a torn colored border at the edge of a pointed leaf blade. This edge can be greenish, white or even creamy.

Ficus microcarp (Ficus microcarpa)

A sprawling, powerful tree in the photo is another popular room-like species of ficus. It is difficult to imagine that a tree about 25 meters high at home is grown as a miniature pseudo-bonsai or a dense shrub regularly forming a shrub.

Ficus of microcarp in natureFicus microcarp refers to small-leaved species. Oval, dense leaves of saturated green color with a smooth surface of leathery skin sit on short petioles. Numerous shoots of the crown are densely covered with leaves up to 15 cm long.

Leaves and fruits of the ficus of microcarpFicus microcarp is called a strangler. Such a terrible epithet is connected with the way of life of a plant in nature. Young specimens of ficus settle on trunks and branches of other tree cultures, but as they grow, the ficus flies and literally strangles them. Although banyan ficus microcarp does not become, but such a device helps the plant to strengthen and get additional nutrition.

Photo of ginseng figurineFicus ginseng or ginseng is so named because of its external similarity to the famous oriental herbaceous plant, which forms bizarre rhizomes. Unlike ginseng in nature, the micro-carp ficus is not able to form such thickening protuberances above the soil. Ficus ginseng is a truly man-made plant obtained by feeding seedlings with special hormones and stimulating root growth with drugs.

Ficus moclamUnfortunately, this plant will not be able to reproduce at home, but the flower-grower is guaranteed long-term admiration for almost real bonsai. When caring for the culture, the ficus must be sheared and monitor the observance of the feeding schedule. The lack of nutrition, first of all, affects the thickened rhizomes, which shrivel and can completely dry up.

The shrub form of the ficus of the microcarp is isolated in a special variety. Ficus moclome is easy to distinguish by elegant densely covered with shoots, forming a very dense evergreen crown. To maintain the given form of such a plant follows a regular spring pruning.

Bicic Ficus (Ficus benghalensis)

Ficus bengali in the parkAmong the varieties of ficus, whose photos and names are heard by fans of exotic cultures, the Bengali ficus takes a special place. A characteristic feature of the plant is the ability to form banyan. This term refers to the growth of one tree to the size of a real grove due to the rooting of numerous air roots.

Foliage and fruits of the Bicic

Ficus bengal has a light brownish crust, smooth oval-ovate, leathery leaves and small reddish-orange fruits.

Ficus lirata

Ficus lilyFicus lyrate has its name due to the unusual form of foliage. Reminiscent of a musical instrument. However, this plant can not be called a small-leaved ficus. The length of leathery, slightly stiffened sheet plate can reach 50 centimeters.

A large species is not very common in the collections of florists. However, the ficus is very interesting when grown. Slowly growing shoots are poorly branched, but from below and up to the top are densely covered with luxurious foliage.

Ficus sacred or religious (Ficus religiosa)

Ficus sacred in the wildThe tree of the sacred ficus differs from the relatives in that it completely or partially loses its leaves during the rest period. The plant is growing rapidly, and specimens of up to 30 meters in height are often found in nature.

The heart-shaped sheet of this species of ficus would be quite simple, if not an elegantly elongated tip, equal in length to the entire 20-centimeter sheet. Smooth, with well-marked veins, the leaves sit on long petioles. In the rainy season, the sacred ficus is able to drain excess moisture. Her drops can be seen on the tips of beautiful leaves.

Between them on the shoots you can see a lot of small round fruits. In the ripe form they become red or purple, for humans they are inedible, but the birds readily peck them.

Foliage and green fruits of the sacred ficusFicus sacred in nature actively uses its air roots, descending to the ground and forming additional stems of the plant.

Stone statue of Buddha, ingrown into sacred ficusThe name of this species of ficus on the photo is easily recognized by both an experienced florist and an adherent of Buddhism. It was under the sacred ficus that Buddha indulged in meditation, gained enlightenment and became a symbol of faith and universal wisdom for millions of people.

Ficus binnendik Ali (Ficus binnendijkii Alii)

Ficus Binnendika AliThe ficus of binnendika is often called an ivory leaf, due to linear elongated leaves, which are very reminiscent of the foliage of the willow or weeping willow.

The cultivation of the ficus Ali, as in the photo, is very popular among the florists. At home, the plant reaches a height of 1.5 meters. And with the help of an annual pruning the crown can be given any shape.

In addition to the variety of Ali, flower growers can have a ficus of binternike of variegated variety in the house. It should be remembered that varieties with bright white or yellow-green leaves are more whimsical and require special lighting conditions.

Photo of the ficus AliLike the variegated plants, in the photo, Ali ficus grows well in a living room, in a conservatory or conservatory.

Ficus pumila

Ficus pumila or pygmyAmong the giant varieties of fig trees, whose photos and names are presented above, the pumilla ficus or pygmy can not even be called a tree. This is a long-term climbing or ground cover, the lower parts of shoots are gradually lignified, and the young stems are flexible and tenacious. On vertical surfaces and soil, the ficus helps to dissipate the air roots that form along the length of the whole shoot.

The leaves of the ficus were less angry than those of the closely related species. The length of the ovoid, slightly wavy leaf plate does not exceed 7 cm. In young shoots the leaves are smaller, and on mature stems much larger. In addition to the usual plants with green foliage, today varieties with a white or yellowish-cream border on the edge of the leaf are derived. In nature ficus blossoms and fructifies. But on the growing specimen in the pot, you will not be able to see the fruit that looks like pears.

Ficus collection – video

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