Flowers calla – a popular decorative plant in gardens, greenhouses and pottery. Callas belong to the genus Zantedeschia, perennial herbs of the family of aroids. The popular name of the flower is the calla. This accurate word accurately reflects the appearance of the culture – a large wide petal-coverlet often has a white color and looks like a bird’s wing. The native flower comes from equatorial and southern Africa. There he grows in swampy places.
General description of callas
Calla, or zandedeskiya, is a perennial herbaceous plant up to 2.5 meters high. Leaves are broad, radical, dark green. In some varieties, the leaves are covered with white specks. Inflorescence is a cob of yellow color on a long peduncle. The coverlet of the flower is large, funnel-shaped, white, pink or yellow.
Callas are grown in greenhouses, common in indoor floriculture. Many varieties are suitable for cutting, since they are able to stand in a bouquet for up to a month.
Callas belong to poisonous plants because of the high content of calcium oxalate.
The entire plant is poisonous. When the juice of calla gets on the mucous membranes, pain and irritation occur, there may be edema and a subsequent severe allergic reaction. On the skin of the flower juice, the appearance of contact dermatitis. Caring for him should be very carefully, not allowing the juice to get on the skin.
You can propagate callas with seeds, but most often they do it vegetatively – by dividing the root.
For regular flowering callas need a rest period. It lasts from two to six months.
During this period, colored species discard leaves and completely stop growing, while white callas do not lose decorativeness, but stop in development. During the rest period, colored varieties are stored in a cool place in the form of a sleeping tuber, whites are limited in watering.
In room floriculture, the following types of callas are common:
- calla Elliot;
- call Remani;
- calla by Picasso;
- calla Ethiopian.
Photos of flowers callas amaze with a variety of shapes and colors. Among them there are snow-white specimens, yellow, red, violet and almost black. Especially beautiful are two-color varieties, when the flower at the base and edges has different shades.
Calla Elliott’s “Zantedeschia elliottiana”
Calla Elliot is distinguished by large leaves with white specks and flowers of two shades. The plant is tuberous, it is better to propagate it vegetatively. The variety likes good care – lots of light, heat, frequent watering.
The most famous varieties of callas are:
- “Vermeer” – is highly decorative. The leaves are carved, wavy at the edges, covered with white specks. At the stem of the flower is a calla burgundy tone, closer to the edges smoothly turns into white.
- “Yellow Corner” – the green stem gradually changes color to yellowish. The coverlet of the flower is soft yellow, sunny. The variety looks great with bright leaves in speckles.
- “Black-eyed beauty” – a wide light yellow petal has a dense purple center and a corn-yellow stamen. The leaves are dark, covered with large white spots of irregular shape.
Kalla Remani refers to a short-sighted species. Plants reach a height of not more than half a meter. Has narrow green leaves that sheds for the winter. Propagated by tubers, popular in indoor floriculture.
- “Evenings” – this name received a sort of callas with dark purple, almost black flowers.
- “Indian summer” – an unusual and rare variety of red calla with a pomegranate tinge.
- “Chameleon” – fully justifies its name – the flowers shine with all shades of peach and golden tones. The dark green leaves are covered with white specks.
- “Picasso” – a variety of calla with a height of 35-45 cm. Large claret flowers with a light border unfold in July-September and bloom for up to six months.
- Black Forest – the variety has large flowers in the shape of a candle of burgundy-purple hue.
- “Anneke” – beautiful funnel-shaped flowers of pink-violet hue.
Calla of Ethiopia (Zantedeschia aethiopica)
Calla of Ethiopia is the largest variety of zandedeski for cultivation in room conditions. This species has large heart-shaped leaves and funnel-shaped inflorescences. During the rest period the foliage remains bright green, which increases the decorativeness of the species.
The most famous varieties of Ethiopian callas are:
- “Green Goddess” – a variety with white-green flowers and a short stamen of lemon color.
- “Childsiana” – the variety is abundantly blossoms of snow-white flowers with an orange middle.
- “Amethyst” – a variety of violet calla has a significant height and a delicate aroma.
- “Pearl” is a high variety with light green leaves, large, white, fragrant flowers, on the outside of a greenish shade. Suitable for bouquets.
- “Albomakulata” – a large white flower has a candle shape and a light vanilla flavor.
- “Captain Chelsea” is a beautiful two-tone variety. A bed of burgundy color with a golden fringe. The leaves are dark green with silvery dots.
- “Little Gem” – calla has white flowers of the original species. The petal, untwisted to the end of the flower, twists like a funnel, in the middle – a bright yellow stamen. At the edge of the petal is a greenish growth of the claw.
How to plant a calla
Bought a tuber should first be held in a diluted to pink color potassium permanganate, and then put for a couple of hours in a solution stimulator “Kornevin” or any other. The plant needs a fairly large amount of land – for one tuber about 2.5 liters. Drainage is poured onto the bottom of the pot, then a nutritive primer. The tuber is smooth from the bottom and has small bulges at the top. Lay the tuber needs a smooth part down into the moistened earth.
Planting should be shallow, the tuber is only covered with a layer of earth no more than 1-2 cm. Otherwise, the risk of decaying roots is high.
Immediately after planting, the calla is not watered, the pot is left in a warm place without drafts. In future, calla flowers require regular watering. Also, the plant needs to be fed with a complex fertilizer for flowers.