Mulching is a common procedure that is used by gardeners for a number of good reasons. Using the right types of mulch will have a fantastic effect on your garden, however, if the process is not carried out correctly, you can achieve the opposite effect. In this article, we will tell you how to mulch the soil.
Benefits of mulch
Mulch is called a friend of the gardener. It has three huge advantages:
- resistance to weeds;
- preservation of moisture in the earth;
- regulation of soil temperature (keeps it warm in cold nights, and cools during hot periods).
In addition, mulch, used in winter, protects plants from a cycle of freezing and thawing, which eventually can push them out from under the ground. The cover also prevents soil compaction and crust formation, erosion, and also prevents raindrops from scattering earth that can carry diseases from the plant to the plant. Organic mulch can even serve as a fertilizer.
Disadvantages of mulch
Too thick cover can ruin plants. For most species of organic mulch, a thickness of 5-10 cm – this is already a lot. The smaller the material, the thinner the layer should be.
Unfortunately, mulch provides an excellent shelter for slugs and snails. To protect the precious plantations, scatter the wood ash around them. It will keep pests away.
An impenetrable layer of mulch, as well as a black film, does not allow air and water to pass through. Even glued leaves can give such an effect, so first grind them.
Wood-based mulch, for example sawdust or chips, can draw nitrogen out of the soil when it breaks (under the feet or paws of animals). To counter this, add a nitrogen-rich fertilizer to mulch, for example soy or cotton flour.
Dry materials, including sawdust, wood chips, peat moss and straw, can pose a fire hazard. Keep them away from buildings for greater safety.
Types of mulch
The ideal mixture should be dense enough to prevent the growth of weeds, as well as light and porous, so that water and air can get into the soil. Depending on the price and appearance, there are a large number of options to choose from, different in quality and texture. Next, we’ll talk about the most popular types.
Ground crust. Keep it away from the base of trees and shrubs so that pests do not switch to them.
Shredded leaves and deciduous dust eventually break down and feed the soil with useful substances.
Straw and solonchak hay well resist weeds.
Cuttings of grass should be pre-dried or distributed in such a way that in the sun they do not turn into stuck together foul-smelling liquid. Do not use grass that has been treated with chemicals.
Pine needles are destroyed slowly, so do not worry about them, adding acids to the soil.
Also suitable are various by-products, for example, coffee grounds, corn cobs, newspapers and cardboard. Be creative!
Plastic mulch can be purchased in different colors for different purposes. Red increases the yield of tomatoes, blue has the same effect on potatoes. Black color heats the soil, and silver or white, on the contrary, reflect light and heat.
Crushed stone, gravel, marble or brick crumb are a constant cover around bushes and trees.
Agrotextile restrains weeds, allowing air and water to pass through it.
To reduce the frequency of weeding in our garden, we use breathable agglutination on many beds.
After several spring rains, we put watering hoses in each garden bed and cover them with argot.
Holes for planting are cut at different distances, depending on the type of crops. Watering is effective, and leaving a large area becomes much easier. As soon as the plants grow a little, the tissue will become less noticeable.
If you have problems with weeds or dehydration of plants, use the tips given in this article – start mulching your garden. This simple process will radically change your dacha life for the better!