The zenith of summer has come, and every plant is trying to make itself known. Flowering, this is a continuation of the genus. Festive, nourish the seeds of life and go into the shadows, giving way to a new generation. Salvia dissolves its brush of tubular flowers in the height of summer, when insect pollinators with long proboscis are most active. Its victorious flowering, it fascinates and delights. How to grow salvia, create a composition?
Origin and cultivation of Salvia
Salvia and sage are one family of clearing. The name of the flower is translated as a sign of its usefulness – to be healthy. The utility of the plant sage is known to many. It has been used for medicinal purposes since the time of Ancient Egypt. It is customary to call Salvia decorative forms, which have common ancestors with sage. In Europe, salvia is also called salvia.
The plant is cultivated in many species and is a wild plant in the vastness of America and Europe. Numerous genus represent more than 900 different varieties. Among the salvia there is even a hallucinogenic variety. The plant likes bright places and light soils.
Planting and caring for salvia
City landscaping can not do without salvia for many reasons:
- Blooms salvia continuously and throughout the warm period before frost.
- A beautiful decorative plant does not grow and keeps the created composition well.
- Transportability is not reflected in the decorativeness of the plant.
- Selecting different shades of inflorescences can create any composition.
But gardeners, who are beginning to sow salvia at home, like the plant as much as they love it, when the winter is only in full swing. In addition to the victorious scarlet color, the broomsticks of Salvia are struck by a variety of tones. You can make a multi-level landing, choosing salvia for the height of the bush. But the main stage for obtaining a long flowering will be the cultivation of salvia seedlings.
How and when to plant salvia on seedlings
The plant from the seeds blooms in the fourth month, and therefore is grown in an annual culture only through sowing in February or early March. Seeds of Salvia can be bought in a specialized store, but you can get it yourself. They ripen after the fall of the flower in 50 days. Germination of seeds lasts up to 5 years.
Sorted seeds still better still after purchase in specialized stores
Before sowing seeds, it is necessary to prepare the soil for seedlings. It should be light and nutritious. Two weeks before when sowing salvia on seedlings, the soil should be treated with a composition that increases the biological processes in the sleeping ground. Earth sift, moisturize and bring a teaspoon to the bucket of the land preparation EM-1 Baikal. The earth will become fertile in two weeks, and threadlike seedlings of weeds will come out at the same time, seeds of which in the living land will inevitably proklyutsya.
The box with the prepared earth should be installed in a pallet, leveled and sown with small seeds of salvia, mixed with sand for a more even distribution. In order to squeeze the seeds to the ground, you need to moisten the earth with a fine spray and cover the surface to preserve moisture. Planting and caring for salvia during the germination of seeds are crucial for the continued production of healthy seedlings.
Seedlings will appear in 10-14 days. At this time it is necessary to follow the state of the earth, not allowing the coma to dry out. Watering must be conducted through a pallet. The earth through the drainage holes is saturated with moisture, then drain the water from the pan so that there is no excess moisture.
In the period of germination, do not allow the plants to stretch into a string and lodgings.
The seedlings in the cotyledon stage can be stretched out if they are in a shady place or high night temperatures. Then it is necessary to sprinkle the earth with each spring, not letting it fall. Watering lead without wetting the leaf blade. When growing seedlings of salvia from seeds, this period is considered the most responsible. Lighting, reduced temperature will get strong sprouts in the first stage of planting
Pickling of salvia from seeds should be done after the appearance of two or more real leaves, while deepening the sprout to cotyledonous leaves. The first picking can be in a common container for a distance of 5 cm between the plants. The second rarefaction of plants is carried out in a month in separate cups, with a good capacity of an earthen coma, since they will have to develop up to one and a half months.
Whether it is necessary to carry out top dressing of salvia growing seedlings, will show the condition of plants. If the bush is poorly developed, it is possible to feed the mineral composition for flowers in low concentration. But with every plant transplantation fertile land is used and nutrition should be enough.
When planting and caring for salvia, it is necessary to call the bushiness of the plant. After the appearance of 3-4 pairs of real leaves, the apex should be pinched to allow the development of axillary shoots to begin to develop. In this case, arrange containers with plants so that there is no shading. From the end of April, the temperature at night is reduced to 10 degrees, tempering salvia before landing in the ground.
So, in order to grow seedlings from seeds, the following conditions must be met:
- prepare fertile land and quality seeds;
- to observe the temperature regime and the conditions of illumination at each growth period;
- do not allow overdrying and excessive moistening of the earth’s coma;
- at the time of harvesting the plants.
Planting salvia seedlings in the ground
Planting and caring for salvia in the open ground consists in the correct choice of a place for a flower bed or a rabble. The place should be well lit, the soil is light and fertile, with good moisture capacity. For violent flowering, phosphate-potassium fertilizers can be added in a rapidly dissolving form. In the hole when planting, add a guest ash, a spoonful of superphosphate and a liter of well-permeated organic. Carefully pass the bush into the ground and somewhat deepen it. Pour warm water and cover from the sun for a few days, until the plant does not take root or plant in cloudy weather.
Plants plant in 20-30 cm, depending on the height of the bush and its tendency to branching. Watering the plant is moderate, when drying the coma of the land, water-discharge irrigation should be done only in the evening. Flowering of the plant occurs 100-120 days after emergence and does not cease until frost. Blooming will be abundant if you use for the prevention and immunity increase foliar top dressing on the basis of the preparation EM-1 Baikal.
Pests and diseases of a plant.
Salvia is not affected by fungal diseases. Therefore, the plant will have to struggle only with the insects that have inhabited it. Pests are white flies and thrips. Therefore planting salvia should be away from vegetables, since later the whitefly will settle on them. In addition, sage can colonize aphids, spider mites. Decorative plants in this case suffers. Therefore, strong preparations are used, which it is better not to use on vegetables during fruiting.
Snails and slugs like to feed on the delicate foliage of Salvia. If they are present in the garden, it will be a boon not only for the flowers to catch them. The classical method of traps from the bark and slate, laid out under the bushes will help. But in the tank with beer and fermented fruit juice can crawl even neighbor mollusks.