ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”ืœืื—ืจ ืžืื”ื‘ ื™ื•ื–ืžื” ืฉืœ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™ื™ื – ืžื•ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ืžื™ืฉืœ Begon ืืจื’ื ื• ืžืฉืœื—ืช ืœืื™ื™ ื”ื•ื“ื• ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช. ื‘ื—ืงืจ ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช, ืžื“ืขื ื™ื ื’ื™ืœื• ืคืจื— ื™ืคื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื ื•ืฉืžื• ืื•ืชื• – ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื”. ื›ืš ื”ื ืฆื™ื— ืืช ืฉืžื• ืฉืœ ืžืจ Begon, ืืฉืจ ืžื™ืžืŸ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ืฉื ืช 1687.

ื”ืฆืžื— ื”ื•ื ื”ืกื•ื’ ื”ื ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืฉื‘ื• ื™ืฉ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž 1000 ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคืจื—ื™ื. ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื’ื“ื•ืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ื”ืจื™ื, ื‘ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื”ืœื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื, ื•ื’ื ื‘ืงื•ื•ื™ ื”ืจื•ื—ื‘ ื”ืกื•ื‘ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื. ืžืกืคืจ ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ื ื•ื–ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื’ื“ืœ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ืฉื ื”ื•ื ื”ืชื’ืœื”. ื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื ื’ื ื‘ื”ืจื™ ื”ื”ื™ืžืœืื™ื” ื•ื‘ืืคืจื™ืงื”. ื›ืžื” ื‘ื•ื˜ื ืื™ื ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ื™ ืžืงื•ื ื”ื•ืœื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ืคืจื— ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ื”ื•ื ื™ื‘ืฉืช ืืคืจื™ืงื”. ืžืฉื ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื” ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืื“ืžื”.

ืžื™ื“ืข ื›ืœืœื™ ืขืœ ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื”ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™

ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืฆื•ืžื—ืช ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืื“ืžื” ื‘ืžื•ื‘ื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื. ื’ื ื ื™ื ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื:

  • ื–ื•ื—ืœ ืขืฉื‘ื™ ืชื™ื‘ื•ืœ;
  • ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืฉื™ื—ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื;
  • ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืื•ืคืฆื™ื•ืช ื–ืงื•ืฃ.

ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ืžืคื•ืชื—ืช ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ืืฉืจ ืžืืคืฉืจืช begonias ืœื’ื“ื•ืœ ืœื ืจืง ื‘ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘. ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉ ื”ื•ื ืžื—ื•ื“ื“, ืžืกื•ืขืฃ ืื• ืคืจื™ืš.

ืขืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืืกื™ืžื˜ืจื™ืชืขืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ “ื‘ื—ื•”ืœ” ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจื” ืืกื™ืžื˜ืจื™ืช. ืขืœ ื”ืงืฆื” ืฉืคื” ื’ืœื™ืช. ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื™ืฉ ืขืœื™ื ืฉืœืžื™ื, ืื—ืจื™ื – ืœื—ืชื•ืš ืœืคืจื•ืกื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช. ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืœื—ืช ื”ื•ื ืื“ื•ื, ืœื™ืœืš ืื• ื—ื•ื. ื•ืžื”ืจืืฉ ื”ื ืœื ืจืง ื™ืจื•ืง ืžื•ืฆืง, ืืœื ื’ื ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื”ื ืžืขื•ืฆื‘ื™ื ืขื ื“ืคื•ืกื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื›ืชืžื™ื ืื• ืžืฉื™ื›ื•ืช. ื™ืฉ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ื‘ื”ื ื’ื‘ืขื•ืœื™ ื”ืžื›ืจื– ื ืจืื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืœื™ื ื•ื”ืขืœื™ื.

ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื‘ื”ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื begonias ื”ื ื–ืจื™ ืคืจื—ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช inflorescences ื‘ื’ื“ืœื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ื”ื:

  • ืื“ื•ื;
  • ื•ืจื•ื“;
  • ืฆื”ื•ื‘;
  • ื›ืชื•ื;
  • ืœื‘ืŸ ื›ืฉืœื’;
  • ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ืขืœื™ ื›ื•ืชืจืช.

ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืชืคืจื—ืช, begonia ื™ืฉ ืคืจื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื–ื”, ื”ื™ื ืžืื‘ืงืช. ืื—ืจื™ ื–ื”, ื’ื–ืข ื˜ืจื™ืื“ืจืœื™ ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืขื ื–ืจืขื™ื ื–ืขื™ืจื™ื ื’ื“ืœ. ืคืจื™ื—ื” ืฆืžื— ื›ืœ ื”ืงื™ืฅ ืขื“ ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืกืชื™ื•. ื–ื ื™ื ื‘ื™ืชื™ื™ื – ื‘ื‘ืงืฉื” ืืช ื”ืขื™ืŸ ืœืคื ื™ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ.

ื ื•ืฃ ืžืงืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื”

ืžืกืคืจ ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ื–ื ื™ื ืฉืœ “ื–ืจ” ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™ื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืืช ื”ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ. ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช, ื”ื‘ื•ื˜ื ื™ื ืžื ื” 1600 ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืจืง ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžืื” ืžื”ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜ ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืื• ื”ื ื•ืฃ.

ื‘ืจื•ืกื™ื” ื ืคืœื” ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืฉืœื˜ื•ื ื• ืฉืœ ืคื™ื˜ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ืžืกืคืจ ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžื•ื–ื›ืจื™ื ื‘ืงื˜ืœื•ื’ ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื, ืฉื”ื•ื‘ืื• ื‘ืฉื ืช 1717 ืžื”ื•ืœื ื“. ื›ื™ื•ื, ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ื”ื‘ื•ื˜ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ืกืงื‘ื”, ืกื ื˜ ืคื˜ืจืกื‘ื•ืจื’ ื•ื ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื‘ื™ืจืกืง, ื’ื“ืœื™ื ืื•ืกืคื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆืžื— ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™.

ื”ื‘ื•ื˜ื ื™ ื”ืจื•ืกื™ ื•ื•ืจื•ื ืกื•ื‘ V. V. ืžื•ืชื ื” ื‘ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื›ืืœื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”:

  1. ื ื•ื™, ื ืฉื™ืจื™ื.
  2. ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ.
  3. ืฉื™ื›ื•ืจ.
  4. ื™ืคื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื.

ื”ืกื™ื•ื•ื’ ื ืขืฉื” ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืคืขืœ ื•ืชื—ื•ื ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื‘ื’ื ื ื•ืช.

ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ื•ื ืฉื™ืจื”

ืกื•ื’ื™ begonias ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ื ืฉื™ืจื™ืืœืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืื™ืŸ ื’ื–ืข ืขื™ืงืจื™, ื•ืขืœื™ื ืžื‘ื•ืฉืœื™ื ืžื•ื–ืจื™ื ืฆื•ืžื—ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉ. ื”ื ื‘ืื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื. ืœืจื•ื‘ ื™ืฉ ืขืœื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื, ื›ืกื•ืคื™ื, ืœื‘ื ื™ื, ื—ื•ืžื™ื ื•ืื“ื•ืžื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื”ื ืฆื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ ืขื ื“ืคื•ืกื™ ืจื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื™ื, ื›ืชืžื™ื ื•ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื.

ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื›ืืœื”, ื›ื›ืœืœ, ื’ื“ืœื™ื ื‘ื—ืœืœื™ื ืกื’ื•ืจื™ื. ืœืื•ืจ ื–ืืช, ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืžื•ื›ืฉืจ. ืขื™ืงืจื™ ืœื—ืคืฉ ื”ื:

  • ืชืื•ืจื” ืฉื ื‘ื—ืจื” ื›ืจืื•ื™;
  • ืืช ื”ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ืฉืœ โ€‹โ€‹ืœื—ื•ืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ;
  • ื”ืฉืงื™ื” ื‘ื™ื ื•ื ื™ืช ืžืชื•ื ื”;
  • ืจื•ื˜ื‘ ืขื•ื ืชื™ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ;
  • ื”ืฉืชืœืช ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืชืงื•ืคืชื™ืช.

ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ืจื’ืขื™ื ืืœื”, ื”ื’ื ืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืคื•ืจื—.

ืขื ื—ื•ืกืจ ืชืื•ืจื” ืžืคื•ื–ืจ, ืขืœื™ื ืœืื‘ื“ ืืช ื”ืืคืงื˜ ื”ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืฉืชื™ืœืช ืคืจื—.

ืคืงืขืช ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”

ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืคืจื™ื—ื” ืฉืœ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืคืงืขืชืฆืžื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื–ื ื™ื tuberous ื ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงื ื” ืฉื•ืจืฉ ืžืกื•ื™ื, ืฉืžืžื ื• ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ื’ื‘ืขื•ืœื™ื ืฉืงื•ืคื™ื ืœืžื—ืฆื” ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ื‘ืฉืจื ื™. ื”ื ื’ื“ืœื™ื ืขื“ 50 ืก”ืž ื’ื•ื‘ื”. ืคืจื—ื™ื ื”ื ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ืื• ื˜ืจื™, ืžื–ื›ื™ืจ ืื“ืžื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืื• ื•ืจื“ื™ื, ืงื˜ื ื™ื ืื• ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื. ื‘ inflorescences ื•ื‘ ื’ืจืกื” ืื—ืช. ื–ื” ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช ืื™ืš ืœื˜ืคืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”, ื›ืš ื–ื” ืžืฉืžื— ืืช ื”ืขื™ืŸ, ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ.

ื™ืฉื ื ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ begonia ืคืงืขืช: ืขืฉื‘ื•ื ื™, ืฉื™ืžื•ืจื™, ampelian, ื’ื“ืœ ื‘ืกื™ืจื™ื ืชืœื•ื™ื™ื. ืขืœื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืœื‘ ื”ื:

  • ืžืจื•ืคื˜-ืžื˜;
  • ืžื‘ืจื™ืง;
  • ื’ืœื™;
  • ืฉื˜ื•ื—.

ื•ืฆื‘ืขื ืกืคื’ ืืช ื›ืœ ื’ื•ื ื™ ื”ื™ืจื•ืง. ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื›ื–ื• ืžืชื—ื™ืœื” ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืžืื™ ื•ืžืกืชื™ื™ืžืช ื‘ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ. ืžืชื ื” ืžืงืกื™ืžื” ื‘ืืžืช ืžืŸ ื”ื‘ื•ืจื.

ืžื™ื ื™ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื•ืช

ืคืจื—ื™ ืืจื’ืžืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื—ื™ ืฉื™ื—ื›ืœ ืžื™ื ื™ ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืฉื™ื— ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ื‘ืจืš ื›ืคื•ืคื”, ืžื–ื›ื™ืจื” ื‘ืžื‘ื•ืง. ืขืœื™ื” ืฆื•ืžื—ื™ื ืขื ืคื™ื ืฆืคื•ืคื™ื. ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื›ืืœื” ืœื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื–ืจื™ืขื” ื–ืจืขื™ื ืื• ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื. ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื™ื•ืจื” ืฆืขื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืฆืžืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืฉ ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื’ื“ืœ ืฉื™ื— begonias ื‘ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ 15 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื ื”. ืื ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืžืชื—ืžื ืขื“ 10 ืžืขืœื•ืช, ื”ืฆืžื— ืžืช. ืžื™ื ื™ื ืืœื” ื›ืžื• ืื•ืจ ืžืคื•ื–ืจ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ, ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืฆื— ื•ืœื—ื•ืช. ืœื›ืŸ, ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืžื•ื›ืฉืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ begonias ื”ื™ื ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคื ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉื™ืง.

ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืฉื”ืฆืžื— ื™ืงื‘ืœ ื›ืžื•ืช ืžืกืคืงืช ืฉืœ ืžื™ื, ื”ืกื™ืจ ืžื•ื ื— ืขืœ ืžื™ื˜ืช ื—ืฆืฅ ืขื ื’ื™ืฉื” ื ื•ื–ืœื™ืช ืงื‘ื•ืขื”.

ื›ืืฉืจ ืขืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืขืจื•ื’ื•ืช ืื• ืขืœื™ื ื ื‘ื•ืœื™ื ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืฉื™ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”, ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืกื™ืจื ืžื™ื“. ืœื›ืŸ, ืขืœื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื™ื ืœื ื™ืกื‘ืœื•, ื•ืืช ื”ืžืคืขืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืืจื•ืš ื‘ื‘ืงืฉื” ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ืฉืœื”.

Begonia ื™ืคื” ืคื•ืจื—

ื™ืคื” ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืคื•ืจื—ืชืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ื–ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื”ื ื’ืจืกืื•ืช ืคื•ืจื— ืœื”ืคืœื™ื. ื”ื ืขืœื• ืขืœ ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื”ื ื”ื—ืฆื•ืคื™ื ื•ื”ื ืฉื™ืจื™ื.

ื–ื ื™ื ืคื•ืจื—ื™ื ืœื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื•ืคืก ืžืคื•ืืจ, ืžืขื•ื˜ืจ ืืฉื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ inflorescences ื—ืžื•ื“. ื’ื•ื‘ื”ื ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื—ืฆื™ ืžื˜ืจ. ื”ืขืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ื”ื ืืกื™ืžื˜ืจื™ื™ื, ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืœื‘. ื‘ืฉื•ืœื™ื™ื ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ืžืฉื•ื ื ื™ื. ืฆื‘ืข – ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ืจื•ืง. ื–ื ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ begomias ืคื•ืจื— ื ืขื™ื ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜ื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื ืขื ืฆื‘ืข ืกื’ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืขืœื™ื.

ืชื™ืื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื–ื ื™ื ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”

ื™ื•ืคื™ ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ื‘ื—ื•”ืœ ื–ื›ื” ื‘ืœื‘ื ืฉืœ ืืœืคื™ ื’ื ื ื™ื. ืœื›ืŸ, ื”ื•ื ื’ื“ืœ ื”ืŸ ื‘ืžื’ืจืฉื™ื ืื™ืฉื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ื‘ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœืžื’ื•ืจื™ื. ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื–ื ื™ื ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ืฉืœ begonia ืžืงืกื™ื ื™ืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืคืจื— ื”ื ื—ืฉืง.

ืงื•ืจืœื™ื™ืŸ ืื• ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืืœืžื•ื’ื™ื

ืืœืžื•ื’ื™ื ืืœืžื•ื’ื™ืื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื›ืืœื” ื”ื ืžืฉื ื™ ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื: ื•ืจื•ื“ ืื• ื›ืชื•ื-ืื“ื•ื. ืฆืœื—ืช ื›ืกืฃ ืขื ื•ืจื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื–ื™ืช. ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืคื ื™ื” ื‘ืื“ื•ื. ืžืกืชื›ืœ ืขืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืจื—ื™ื begonia, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืžื‘ืจืฉืช ืื•ืคื ืชื™ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืคืจื—ื™ื ืžื™ื ื™ืื˜ื•ืจื™ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ื•ืจื•ื“. ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ื ืคื•ืจื—ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ.

Coralina ื’ื“ืœ ื›ืžืขื˜ ืขื“ ืžื˜ืจ ื’ื•ื‘ื”. ืœื›ืŸ, ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืชืœื‘ ื‘ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื” ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืคื ื™ื ื”ื’ืŸ ื‘ืขืฆื™ืฆื™ื ืžื•ืฉืขื”. ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื•ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืจืฆื™ื ื™ืช. ื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื›ืš, ื”ืžืคืขืœ ื™ืฉืžื— ืžืขืจื™ืฆื™ื• ื‘ืžืฉืš 5 ืฉื ื™ื.

ื ื•ืฃ ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ – ื’ืจื™ืคื•ืŸ

ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ืช ื’ืจื™ืคื™ืŸBegonia ืขื ืฉื ื›ื–ื” ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™ ื”ื•ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ื—ืฆื™ ืžื˜ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื”. ื–ื” ืฉื•ื ื” ืžืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื” ืขื ืขืœื™ื ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืขื ืงื™ื™ื. ืœื’ื“ืœ ืื•ืชื• ืœืงืฉื˜ ื•ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ื‘ื’ื ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ. ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื ื˜ื•ืข ืขืœ ืงืจืงืข ืคืชื•ื—ื” ืžื•ืงืฃ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืขืฉื‘ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื.

ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ begonia ื”ื•ื ื“ื™ ืงืฉื” ืœืชื ืื™ ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ. ื”ื•ื ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืื“ืžื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช, ื•ื”ื•ื ืœื ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืฉืงื•ืช. ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื’ื“ืœื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื•ืฉืœื ื‘ืžื™ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืจื”, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื‘ื—ืœืง ืžื•ืฆืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืŸ.

ื’ืจืกื” ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” – ืจืงืก

Begonia ืจืงืก ืขื ืขืœื™ื ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื™ืื–ื” ื”ื™ื‘ืจื™ื“ื™ืช ื ื’ื–ืจ ื–ื ื™ื ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ื” ืœื ืœื’ื“ื•ืœ ืœ 25 ืก”ืž ื’ื•ื‘ื”. ื–ื”ื• ืฆืžื— ืงื˜ืŸ ืœืžื“ื™. ื”ื•ื ืžืื•ืคื™ื™ืŸ inflorescences ื•ืจื•ื“ ื‘ื•ืœื˜.

ืœื•ื— ืฉืœ ืขืœื™ื – ืจื—ื‘, ืกื’ืœื’ืœ. ื”ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ืžืฉื•ื ื ื™ื. ื™ืฉ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื›ืืœื”:

  • ืืคื•ืจ ืื• ื›ืกืฃ;
  • ืกื’ื•ืœ ืื• ื—ื•ื;
  • ืื“ื•ื ืื• ื“ืžื™ื;
  • ื•ืจื•ื“ ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช.

ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื“ื•ืœืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืœื•ืงืช ื‘ื•ืฉ ืœืชื•ืš ื—ืœืงื™ื ืื• ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื. ื”ื•ื ืื•ื”ื‘ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฆืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ืŸ ืขื ืœื—ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื ื•ื ื™ืช.

ืขืœื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื

ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืื“ื•ืžื”ื”ืžืคืขืœ ืงื™ื‘ืœ ืืช ืฉืžื• ื›ื™ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืขืœื™ื ืฉืœื• ืฆื‘ื•ืข ืื“ื•ื. ืฆื•ืจืชื ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืžืขื’ืœ ืœื ืื—ื™ื“. ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื•ืจื•ื“ื” ื‘ืขื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜ ืžื“ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื•ืฉ.

ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ืื™ื ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ื’ื•ืคื• ื”ื‘ืฉืจื ื™ ื ืœื—ืฅ ื‘ื—ืŸ ืืœ ื”ืงืจืงืข, ื”ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืงืฉืชื• ื”ืžื ื•ืžืกืช ืฉืœ ืžืฉืจืช ืืœ ื’’ื ื˜ืœืžืŸ ื ื“ื™ื‘.

ืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืžื‘ื˜ ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืขืœ ื”ืื’ืจื˜ืœื™ื ื”ืชืœื•ื™ื™ื. ืื ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืื“ื•ืžื”- leaved ืœื ืคื•ืจื—, ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื™ืืคืฉืจ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืฉื™ื—ื™ื ืฆืคื•ืคื™ื ื™ืคื”.

ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืื•ื”ื‘ืช ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจืช ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืžืชื•ื ื” ื•ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืžื•ืฆืœื™ื. ืœื›ืŸ, ื‘ืขืช ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืืชืจ ื”ื ื—ื™ืชื”, ื™ืฉ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืืœื•.

ื—ืคืชื™ื ืื• ืฆื•ื•ืืจื•ืŸ ืฆื•ื•ืืจื•ืŸ

ื›ื™ืชืช ืฆื•ื•ืืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ื’ื–ืข ื–ื•ื—ืœ ืขื ืขืœื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื. ื‘ืฉื•ืœื™ื™ื ื”ื ืžื•ืจื“ื™ื ืงืœื•ืช, ื•ืขืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื ืžืขื•ื˜ืจื™ื ืขื ืชื•ืœืขื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช. ืžืขืœ ื”ืกื“ื™ืŸ ื”ื ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉื•ืฉื ื” ืžื™ื ื™ืื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉื ืจืื™ืช ื›ืžื• ืฆื•ื•ืืจื•ืŸ ืื• ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ. ืžื›ืืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ.

ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื begonia ื”ืฉืจื•ื•ืœ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืคืจื•ื— ืขื“ 5 ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ืขื•ื ื”. ื–ื” ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืื•ืคื ืชื™ ื‘ื—ื“ืจ. ื”ืฆืžื— ืžืชืจื‘ื” ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื ื•ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ืœื•ืงืช ื”ื‘ื•ืฉ.

ืžืชื›ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”

begonia ืขื ื”ืื‘ืงื” ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ื›ืกืฃืขืœ ื›ืœ ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืชื›ืช begonia ื ืฆืคืชื” ื”ืื‘ืงื” ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ืžืชื›ืชื™. ื‘ืฉืœ ื›ืš ื”ืžืคืขืœ ืงื™ื‘ืœ ืืช ืฉืžื•. ื–ื” ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื ื”ื“ืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื”. ื”ื•ื ื’ื“ืœ ืขื“ 90 ืก”ืž ื’ื•ื‘ื”.

ืžืชื›ืชื™ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ื”ืฉืงื™ื” ืžืชื•ื ื”. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื–ื”, ื”ื—ื“ืจ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ืžื•ืš ืœื—ื•ืช. ื”ืื“ืžื” ื—ื•ืžืฆื™ืช. ื”ืชืคืฉื˜ื•ืช ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืขืœื™ื ืืฉืจ ืžื•ื“ื’ืจื•ืช ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื™ื ืื• ื—ื•ืœ. ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืžืงื•ืจื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืจื•ืกืก, ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœืฉืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ืงืขืจื” ืžืชื—ืช ืœืกื™ืจ.

ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืฉืœืฆืžื— ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจื” ื™ืคื” ื•ืœื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉื•ื•ื”, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืกื•ื‘ื‘ ืื•ืชื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืฆื™ืจื•. ื”ืชื ื•ืขื•ืช ื”ืคืฉื•ื˜ื•ืช ื”ืืœื” ื™ื•ืฆืจื•ืช ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืคืช ืืžื™ืชื™ื•ืช.

ืขื™ื˜ื•ืจ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืงื•ืจื™ – ื ืžืจ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”

ื”ื ืžืจ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ื”ื”ืžืคืขืœ ืงื™ื‘ืœ ืืช ืฉืžื• ื‘ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ืกื’ื ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืœื™ื. ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืงื•ืจืื™ื ืœื–ื” ื‘ืื•ืืจ. ืœื•ื—ื™ืช ื”ื–ื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืžื” ืžืขื•ื˜ืจืช ื‘ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืœื™ื™ื. ืœื›ืœ ืขืœื” ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืœื‘ ืขื ืงืฆื•ืช ืžื—ื•ื“ื“ื™ื. ืื•ืจื›ื• ื› -7 ืก”ืž.

ื‘ืžื‘ื˜ ื”ืฆืžื—, ืื—ื“ ื ื–ื›ืจ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืœื ืจืฆื•ื ื™ ื‘ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจ ืขื ืฆื‘ืข ื“ื•ืžื”. Begonia ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื”ืชืจื—ื‘ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื”, ื‘ืฉืœ ืืฉืจ ื’ืจืกื” ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ื ื•ืฆืจ. ื–ื” ืžื›ืคื™ืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ื’ื–ืจื™.

ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘ ื•ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืชื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืฆืžื— ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืชื•ื ื”. ื ื•ื— ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืื•ืืจ ืžืชืคืชื— ืชื—ืช ืชืื•ืจื” ืžืคื•ื–ืจ. ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื™ืคื•ืœ ืžืชื—ืช 16 ืžืขืœื•ืช.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืฉืงื™ื™ืช ื ืžืจ begonia, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืขืœื™ื. ืื—ืจืช ื”ื ื™ืื‘ื“ื• ืืช ื”ืžืจืื” ื”ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืฉืœื”ื.

ืงืœื™ืื•ืคื˜ืจื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ื•

ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื ื”ื“ืจืช ืงืœื™ืื•ืคื˜ืจื”ื”ืžืคืขืœ ืขื ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื•ืจื’ื•ื ื“ื™ ืฉืขืœื™ื• ืขืœื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ืžื•ืฉืš ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘ื ืฉืœ ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื. Begonia ืงืœื™ืื•ืคื˜ืจื” ื”ื•ื ืงืฆืจ, ื› 35 ืก”ืž.

ื”ื™ื ืœื ืื•ื”ื‘ืช ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื•ืช – ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื™ื‘ืฉ ื•ืฉืงื™ื™ืช ื™ืชืจ, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืจื™ืกื•ืก. ืžื•ืคืฆื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ื‘ืขื•ืœื™ื ืื• ืขืœื™ื.

ื ื•ื™ – ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื ืฉื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืœื•ืฆืจืŸ

ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ืœื’ืฉ begonia ืฉืœ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืœื•ืฆืจืŸื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื™ื” ื”ืจื•ื•ื™ื” ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืืช ืœื•ืฆืจืŸ ื‘ื’ื•ื ื™ืืก. ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื™ืฆื™ืงื•ืช ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ืืœื™ืคืกื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื”, ืขื“ 20 ืก”ืž ื’ื•ื“ืœ ืขืœ ื”ืงืฆื•ื•ืช ื”ื ื—ืชื›ื• ื‘ืžืงื•ืจ, ืžื” ืฉื ื•ืชืŸ ืืช ื”ืฆืžื— ืงืฆืช ืงืกื. ื”ืฆืœื—ืช ื”ื™ืจื•ืงื” ื›ื”ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืขืœื” ืžืขื•ื˜ืจืช ื‘ื›ืชืžื™ ื›ืกืฃ. ื”ื’ื‘ ื”ื•ื ืื“ืžื“ื.

ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื”, ืคืจื—ื™ื ื•ืจื•ื“ื™ื ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžื‘ืจืฉืช. ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืื“ื™ืฉื™ื, ืœื”ืกืชื›ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื”ืงืกื•ื ืฉืœื”.

ื•ื™ื“ืื• ืขืœ ื–ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ื ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื“ืงื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื

ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ืจืง ื›ืžื” ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื‘ื—ื•”ืœ, ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžืกืงื ื” ื›ื™ ืกื’ื•ืœื” ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ื”ื•ื ืขืœื™ื. ื”ื ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื ืœื”ืคืœื™ื, ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืžืงื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื’ื“ืœื™ื. ื‘ื˜ื‘ืข, ืื™ืŸ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื›ืœ ื›ื™ืชื” ืฉืœ begonia ืžืขื•ื˜ืจ ืคืจื—ื™ื ืžืคื•ืืจื™ื. ืื•ืคื™ ื™ื•ืžืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆืžื— ื–ื” ืžื•ืฉืš ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื’ื ื ื™ื. ื”ืขื™ืงืจ ื”ื•ื ืœืžืฆื•ื begonias ืฉืœืš ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืœืคื™ ื–ื ื™ื.

ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื‘ื™ื’ื•ื ื™ื” ืžืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืชืขืจื•ื›ื” – ื•ื™ื“ืื•

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