ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ืŸ ืขืœ ืื“ืŸ ื”ื—ืœื•ืŸKalamondin ืื•, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ื ืงืจื ื’ื ื—ื“ืจ ืžืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ื”ื“ืจ ืคืจื™ ื”ื“ืจ, citronfortunella ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื‘ืจื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืชืงื‘ืœ ื—ืฆื™ื™ืช kumquat ื•ืื”ื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื’ื•ืจืžื” ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื ื“ืจื™ื ื™ืช. ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ Kalamondin ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื ืจืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื”ืื•ืกืฃ ืขื ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™, ืืœื ื’ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ.

ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืชื ื›ื™ ื”ืžืคืขืœ ืงื™ื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืฉื ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ “ื›ืชื•ื ื–ื”ื•ื‘”. ื’ื•ื“ืœื• ื”ืงื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจื™ ื”ืจื™ื—ื ื™ ืžื›ืกื” ื‘ืฉืคืข ืืช ื”ื›ืชืจ ื•ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื ืจืื” ืœื ืžืฆื™ืื•ืชื™. ืœื›ืŸ, ืœืžื’ื“ืœื™ ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื-ืœืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืฉืืœื”: “ื”ืื ืื•ื›ืœ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ื™ืŸ?”.

ืคื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ Kalamondineืžืขื•ื’ืœ, ืขื ืฆื ื•ื ื“ืง ื—ื•ื˜ ืขืกื™ืกื™, ืคื™ืจื•ืช ืื›ื™ืœื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืžื—ื›ื” ื”ืžืชื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื ื“ืจื™ื ื™ืช ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื–ื” ืœื ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื–ื”. ืขื™ืกืช ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ื™ื ื™ื ืฆื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ื›ืชื•ืžื™ื ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ืžืฆื™ืช ืื• ืžืจื™ืจื”, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืงืœื™ืคื”, ื›ืžื• ื–ื• ืฉืœ ืงื•ืžืงื•ื•ืื˜, ื”ื™ื ืžืชื•ืงื” ื•ืจื™ื—ื ื™ืช ืžืื•ื“.

ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื•ื˜ื™ืคื•ื— ืฉืœ Kalamondine

ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ื™ืŸ ืžื’ื•ื•ื ืช fructifiesื‘ืชื›ื•ืœืช ื”ื—ื“ืจ, ื”ืฆืžื— ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืฉื™ื— ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™ ืื• ืขืฅ ื”ื—ืชืžื” ืืœื’ื ื˜ื™, ืื ื›ื™ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ื”ื™ื‘ื•ืœ ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืœื’ื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืžื˜ืจื™ื. ืขื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, clamondine ื”ื“ืจื™ื:

  • ื’ื“ืœ ื˜ื•ื‘;
  • ื ื•ืฉืืช ืคืจื™;
  • ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืคืฆื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื ืื• ื–ืจืขื™ื.

ื›ื™ื•ื, ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืงื•ืจื” ืžื•ืฆืขื™ื ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืœื ืจืง ืขื ืขืœื™ื monophonic, ืืœื ื’ื ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื•ืช, ืฉื‘ื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื™ืฉ ืฆื‘ืข ืžืคื•ืกืคืก ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ.

ื‘ืžื—ืฆื™ืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘, ืคืจื™ื—ืช ื”ื“ืจื™ื, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืืช ื”ื›ืชืจ ืžื›ื•ืกื” ืคืจื—ื™ื ืจื™ื—ื ื™ื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ืœื‘ืŸ. ื”ืžืคืขืœ ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื”ืื‘ืงื” ื™ื“ื ื™ืช, ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืฉื—ืœื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื ื•ืฆืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื–ื”.

ืืคื™ืœื• ื“ื’ื™ืžื” ืงื˜ื ื” ืขื ื”ืื›ืœื” ื ื›ื•ื ื” ื”ืฉืงื™ื” ืœื ืชืื‘ื“ ืืช ื–ื” ื•ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืคืจื•ื— ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืขื ืคื™ื ืฉืœื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืฉืœื™ื. ืขืœ ืื™ ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืื• ื”ืคืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืชื ืื™ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ, Kalamondin ืื•ืชื•ืช ืขืœ ืื•ื‘ื“ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืขืœื•ื•ื”.

ืื ืืชื” ืœื ืœื•ืงื— ืืช ื”ืฆืขื“ื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื, ื”ืฆืžื— ื™ืžื•ืช. ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื˜ืคืœ calamondin? ืžื”ืŸ ื”ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ืœืฉืžื™ืจื” ื•ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื–ื•?

ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ื“ืจ clamondin ื‘ื‘ื™ืช

ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืจื›ื™ืฉื”, Kalamondin ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉืชืœื‘ืคืขื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื”, ืขื ืงืžื™ืœื” ื•ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืขืœื™ื, ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ืชืงืœ ื›ืžื” ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืœืื—ืจ ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ืžืคืขืœ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ. ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ ืจื‘ ืฉื ืชื™ ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™ ืื™ื ื• ืžื•ืชืื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช, ื•ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื ื•ืช ืืœ ื”ื“ื™ืจื” ื–ื” ืžืฉืชื ื”:

  • ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ;
  • ืœื—ื•ืช;
  • ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืžื™ื ืœื”ืฉืงื™ื”;
  • ืชืื•ืจื”.

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื›ืš, ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืœืงื•ื™ื” ื•ื”ืคืกืงืช ื”ื”ืจื’ ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืœื™ืคืช ื”ืงืœื™ืžื•ื ื“ื™ืŸ ืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื’ืจื ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื”ื“ืœื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ื”ืคืจื™ ืžื”ืฉื”ื™ื™ื” ืžืžื•ืฉื›ืช ื‘ื—ื ื•ืช ืื• ื‘ื—ื•ืกืจ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื ืื•ืช. ืœื›ืŸ, ื”ืฆืžื— ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ืฉืชื™ืœ, ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื‘ื“ืง ื•ื ืงื” ืืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉ ืฉืœ ืฉื‘ืจื™ ืžืช ืื• ืจืงื•ื‘. ื”ื›ืชืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื‘ื—ื‘ื™ืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขืœื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืœืื›ื•ืชื™ ืืช ื”ืœื—ื•ืช ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ื—ืžืžื”.

ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ, Kalamondin ืฆืจื™ืš ืชืื•ืจื” ืื—ื•ืจื™ืชืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืชืจื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืื™ื ืŸ ืื“ื™ืฉื•ืช ืœืฉืžืฉ, ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ืžืฆื ืขืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™. ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ืžื—ืกื” ืžืคื ื™ ืงืจื ื™ื™ื ื™ืฉื™ืจ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ.

ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ื™ืŸ, ืฉื ืงื ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ, ืžื•ื’ืŸ ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ื™ื•ื˜ื•ืช ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื™ื“ ืœืฉื™ื ืชื—ืช ืžื ื•ืจื•ืช ืคื™ื˜ื• ืœื”ืืจื›ืช ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ื. ื•ื‘ื—ื•ืจืคื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื, ืชืื•ืจื” ืื—ื•ืจื™ืช ื ื“ืจืฉืช.

ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ Kalamondin ืื™ื ื• ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืืช ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช. ืฆืžื—ื™ื, ืื ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืฉืœ clamondin ื”ื“ืจื™ื ื”ื ื ืฆืคื•, ื”ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœืกื‘ื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืขื•ื ื” ื”ื—ืžื”, ื•ืืช ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจื ื”ื•ื:

  • 18-24 ยฐ C ื‘ืงื™ืฅ;
  • 12-16 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ.

ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ืŸ ื‘ื•ื ืกืื™ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื”ื hygrophilous ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ื‘ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืจื™ืกื•ืก, ืืฉืจ ืžืกื™ื™ืข ืœื”ื ืœืฉืจื•ื“ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ื. ื‘ืขื•ื ื” ื”ืงืจื”, ืœื—ื•ืช ืงืจืงืข ืชื›ื•ืคื” ื›ื–ื• ืื™ื ื” ื ื“ืจืฉืช.

ืจื•ื˜ื‘ ืœืžืขืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ืจืชื™, ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืขื ื”ืฉืงื™ื”, ื•ืืช ื”ืขืœื•ื•ื”. ื‘ ื”ืื›ืœื” ืžืฉืœื™ืžื”, ืงืœืžื ื“ื™ื ื™ื ืฆืจื™ืš ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื ื”, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื ืคืจื™ ืžืชืžื™ื“ ื•ืฉืคืข ืคื™ืจื•ืช.

ืื ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืฉืœ calamondin ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืžืชื•ืจื’ืœ ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ foliar ื”ื”ืœื‘ืฉื”, ื”ืฉืงื™ื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ืขืœ ื’ื‘ ื”ืขืœื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืœืงืœืงืœ ืืช ื”ืžืจืื” ืฉืœ ืœื•ื—ื•ืช ืขืœื” ืžื‘ืจื™ืง. ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื ื”ืœื™ื ื›ืืœื” ืžื™ื ื• ืœืขืจื‘, ื›ืš ืงืจื ื™ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉืจืคื• ืืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ื ื˜ื™ืคื•ืช ื ื•ืคืœื™ื.

ื–ืจืข ื–ืจืข ื•ื˜ื™ืคื•ื— ืฉืœ calamondin ืž ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื

ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ Kalamondin ืž ื–ืจืขื™ื ื”ื•ื ืขืกืง ื“ืงื“ืงื ื™ ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืกื‘ืœื ื•ืช ื™ื•ืฆืืช ื“ื•ืคืŸ, ืฉื›ืŸ ืคื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ืจืง ืœืื—ืจ 6-7 ืฉื ื™ื. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืขื•ืชืงื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืจ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื.

ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ Kalamondin ืž ื–ืจืขื™ืืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื›ืืŸ. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ื–ื•ืจ ืฉื•ืจืฉ, ืชืฆื˜ืจืš:

  • ืžืฆืข ืจื•ืคืฃ ืœื—ื“ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืœืงื™ื apical ืฉืœ ื™ื•ืจื”;
  • ื—ืžืžื” ืขื ื—ื™ืžื•ื ื ืžื•ืš;
  • ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื› 23-25 โ€‹โ€‹ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก;
  • ื™ื•ื ืื•ืจ ืืจื•ืš.

ื’ื–ืจื™ ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ืŸ ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ืชื‘ืฆืข ื‘ืžืื™ื™ื™ื—ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืฉืชืจืฉื•ืช ื ืขืฉื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžืื™ ืขื“ ื™ื•ื ื™, ื›ืืฉืจ ื–ื” ื”ื›ื™ ืงืœ ืœืกืคืง ืชื ืื™ื ืืœื”. ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื™ื•ื•ืฆืจื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉื™ื, ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ื™ื ื™ื ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ื ื˜ื•ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืกื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœื”ื.

ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืกื™ืจื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืœืช Kalamondin ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ื•ืืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉ ื”ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช. ืœื›ืŸ, ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืงื—ืช ืžื›ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ืชืคื–ื•ืจืช, ืฉื‘ื• ื”ืขืฅ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ื— ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืฉื ื” ืื—ืช.

ืฉืชื™ืœื™ื ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืงืœืžื•ื ื“ืŸื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ืชืจื“ืžืช ืขืคืจ ืœืชื•ืš ืžื™ื›ืœ ื—ื“ืฉ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ื•. ื•ืขืœ ื™ืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ืขื•ื“ืฃ ืœื—ื•ืช ื‘ืชื—ืชื™ืช ื”ืกื™ืจ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืฉื›ื‘ืช ื ื™ืงื•ื– ืจื‘ ืขื•ืฆืžื”. ื—ื™ืฉื•ื‘ ื–ื” ื›ืš ื‘ืขืช ื”ืชืงื ืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืฉื•ืจืฉ ืขืœ ืฉื›ื‘ืช ื”ืงืจืงืข, ื”ืฆื•ื•ืืจ ืฉื•ืจืฉ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆืข.

ืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ื”ืงืจืงืข ืœื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ Kalamondin ืขืฉื•ื™ ืžืื“ืžื” ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœื™ ื ื•ื™ ืขื ืชื•ืกืคืช ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืžื•ืก ืื• ืžืื•ืชื• ื—ื•ืžื•ืก, ืคืขืžื™ื™ื ืื“ืžื” ืื“ืžื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื—ื•ืœ ืœื”ื ื—ื™ืœ ืจืคื•ื™. ืœืื—ืจ ืงื“ื™ืžื” Kalamondin ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืฉืงื•ืช, ื•ืืช ื”ืื›ืœื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ืจืง ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ.

ื•ื™ื“ืื• ืขืœ ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืขื‘ื•ืจ Kalamondin