pahistahis ืขืœ ืื“ืŸ ื”ื—ืœื•ืŸื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ pahistahis ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ืžื™ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืชื•ืืจ ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš, ื”ื•ื ื“ื™ ืคืฉื•ื˜. ื”ืขื™ืงืจ ื”ื•ื ืœื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืชื ืื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื•ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื™ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื.

Pahistahis ื”ื•ื ืฆืžื— ืฉืœ ืžืฉืคื—ืช Akantov, ืฉืžื• ืžืชื•ืจื’ื ืžืžืฉ ื›”ืื•ื–ืŸ ืขื‘ื” “. ื‘ื™ืช ืืœ ืฉื™ื— ืจื‘ ืฉื ืชื™ ื™ืจื•ืง ืขื“ ื—ืจื™ื’ ื•ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ื–ื” ืžืื•ื“ ื”ืŸ ื‘ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืžืžื–ืจื— ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœื™ื” ื•ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื’ืฉื ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื”ื•ื“ื•.

ื”ืกื•ื’ pahistahis ื›ื•ืœืœ ื› 7-17 ืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆืžื—ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืื™ื ืœื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื ื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื:

  • pahistahis ืฆื”ื•ื‘;
  • ืคืื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืช ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช;
  • ืžื‘ืจื™ืง pahastahis;
  • ืคืื”ื™ืกื˜ื” ืงืืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืงืืœื™ืก.

ืžื™ื ื™ื ื”ื ื•ืชืจื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืจืง ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืฉืœ pahistahis, ื”ื ืœื ืžืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื.

ืคืฆ’ื™ืกื˜ืื” ืฆื”ื•ื‘

ืคืฆ'ื™ืกื˜ืื” ืฆื”ื•ื‘ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืžื’ื“ืœื™ื ืฆืžื— ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืงื ื•ืช ืœืงืฉื˜ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœื”ื. ื–ื”ื• ืฉื™ื— ื™ืจื•ืง ื–ืงื•ืฃ ืฉื’ื•ื‘ื”ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœ -100 – 120 ืก”ืž ื ื•ื‘ืขืช ื‘ื—ืœืงื” ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื— ืžื›ื•ืกื” ืงืจื•ื ื“ืง ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ื™ืจื•ืง ื›ื”ื”, ื•ืื™ืœื• ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ -. Lignified. ืขืœื™ื ืžื‘ืจื™ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืžืจืœื“ ืฉืœ pachistahis ื™ืฉ ืกื’ืœื’ืœ, ืžืื•ืจื›ื™ื ื• ื”ืฆื˜ืžืฆืžื• ืœื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ื˜ื•ืคืก. ืจื•ื—ื‘ื ื”ื•ื ื‘ืกื“ืจ ื’ื•ื“ืœ ืฉืœ 5-6 ืก”ืž, ื•ื”ืื•ืจืš ื ืข ื‘ื™ืŸ 15 ืœ -20 ืก”ืž, ื”ืขืœื™ื ืฆื•ืœื‘ื™ื, ืžืžื•ืœ.

ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ืคื•ืจื—ืช, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืžืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืงื™ืฅ ื•ืขื“ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืกืชื™ื•, ืคืจื—ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื 10-15 ืก”ืž ืืจื•ืš ื”ื“ื•ืžื” ื”ืื•ื–ืŸ ืคื•ืจื—ื™ื ืขืœ ืฆื”ื•ื‘ pachistachis. ื‘ืžืฉืš ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ืคืจื—ื™ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื, ืฉืžื ืช ืื• ืžืขื˜ ืฆื”ื‘ื”ื‘ ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืจื” ืฆื™ื ื•ืจื™ ืœื”ืชืคืชื— ื›ืœ bract, ื”ืžืžื•ืงื ืขืœ ื”ืื•ื–ืŸ. ื”ืงื•ื˜ืจ ืฉืœื”ื ื”ื•ื ืจืง 5 ืก”ืž.

ื–ื”ื• ืžื™ื ื™ ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื™ื•ืžืจื•ืช ืœืžื“ื™. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื“ื•ืจืฉ ื”ืฉืงื™ื” ื‘ืฉืคืข ื•ืจื™ืกื•ืก ืชื›ื•ืคื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ื ื” ื”ื—ืžื”. ื›ืืฉืจ ื›ื ื™ืžื•ืช, mealybugs ืื• whiteflies ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื–ืข ื•ืขืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื—, pahistahisis ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ ืขื ืกื•ื›ืŸ ืžื’ืŸ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœ.

ืคืื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืช ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช

pachystahis ืื“ื•ืื”ืžื•ืœื“ืช ืฉืœ ืžื™ืŸ ื–ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืขืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”. Pahistahis ืื“ื•ื, ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœืžื™ืŸ ืฆื”ื•ื‘, ื™ืฉ ื—ืจื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ื™ืจื•ืง ื›ื”ื”. ืžื”ื ืขื•ื“ ื”ื™ืœื•ืช ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื™ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื“ื•ืคืŸ ืคื•ืจื—ื•ืช.

ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื”, ื”ืคืื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืช ื”ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื ื™ ืžื˜ืจื™ื. ืœื›ืŸ ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืฆืžื— ืœื ืžืขื•ื‘ื“ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื ื”ื“ืจ ืœื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื—ืžืžื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช. ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ื‘ื•ื”ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืขืœื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื, ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื•ืจื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื’ื™ืจื•ืฉื™ื. ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื”ื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘.

Pahistahis spikelet

pahistahis spikeletื–ื” ืื•ืœื™ ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ pahistahis ื”ืชื•ื‘ืขื ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืœื›ืŸ ื–ื” ื›ืžืขื˜ ืืฃ ืคืขื ืœื ื’ื“ืœ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ื–ื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื—ืžืžื•ืช ื•ื’ื ื™ื ื‘ื•ื˜ื ื™ื™ื.

ื‘ืžืจืื”ื•, ืืช pahistahis spikelet ื“ื•ืžื” pahistahis ืื“ื•ื. ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื”, ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžื˜ืจ ืื—ื“ ื•ืœื”ืงื™ื ืฉื™ื— ืกืžื™ืš ื•ืขื‘ื•ืช. ื”ื—ืจืง ื”ื•ื ืฆื‘ืข ื™ืจื•ืง ื›ื”ื” ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื” ืขืœื™ื• ื ื•ืฆืจ ืžืกืคืจ ืจื‘ ืฉืœ ืงื•ืจื•ืœื•ืช ืื“ื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ืขืœื” ืžื‘ืจื™ืง ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ื”ืื–ืžืจื’ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ื‘ืื•ืจืš ืฉืœ 25 ืก”ืž.

Pahistahis caliptrocalis

ืคืื”ื™ืกื˜ื” ืงืืœื™ืคื˜ื•ืงืืœื™ืกืžื™ืŸ ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข 2 ืžื˜ืจ ื’ื•ื‘ื”, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื–ื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ืื• ื‘ื“ื™ืจื”, ืœืจื•ื‘ ื’ื“ืœ ื‘ื—ืžืžื•ืช. ืชื ื”ืžื˜ืขืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืื”ื™ืกื˜ื” ืงืืœื™ืคื˜ืจื™ืืœื™ืก ื”ื•ื ืฆืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ื‘ืžื™ื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื™ื. ืขืœื™ื ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืช pinnate, ืืœื™ืคืกื”, ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ืžืžื•ืœ, ืžืขื˜ ืžืชื•ื— ืขื“ ื”ืงืฆื•ื•ืช. ืœื”ื‘ื™ ืขืœื™ื ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ืฆื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืข ื—ื•ื ื›ื”ื”, ืืฉืจ ื”ื•ื—ืœืฃ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื–ืžืจื’ื“.

ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ

pahistahis ื‘ืงื•ื ืกืจื‘ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืžืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื™ื—, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื›ืžื” ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ:

  • ืœื—ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”;
  • ืชืื•ืจื” ืžืกืคืงืช;
  • ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืžืขืœ 16-20 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก;
  • ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ืงืจืงืขื™ืช ื—ื•ืžืฆื™ืช;
  • ื ื™ืงื•ื– ื˜ื•ื‘.

ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ pachistahis ื‘ื‘ื™ืช, ืกื•ื’ื™ ืืฉืจ ืชื•ืืจื• ืœืขื™ืœ, ื“ื•ืจืฉื™ื ืชื ืื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฆื™ื™ืŸ. ื”ืฆืžื— ืฉื™ื™ืš ืœืžื™ืŸ ื”ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ ื”ืื•ื”ื‘ ื•ืื”ื•ื‘ ื”ืื•ืจ, ื”ืžืขื“ื™ืคื™ื ืื•ืจ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ืืš ืžืคื•ื–ืจ. ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื’ื“ืœ ืฉื™ื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ืื• ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™-ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืชื ืื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ ืœื˜ื‘ืข, ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื‘ื—ื“ืจ ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืœืคื—ื•ืช 16 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก. ื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช ื™ื’ืจืžื• ืœื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื‘ืฉืคืข ืฉืœ ืขืœื™ื ื•ืฉื™ืงื•ื ืืจื•ืš ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื—. ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฆืžื— ืœืฆืืช ืœืžืจืคืกืช.

ื”ืงืจืงืข ืœืฉื™ื—ื™ื ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื ื ื‘ื—ืจื” ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ืขื ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื—ื•ืžืฆื™ื•ืช ืขื ื—ื“ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื˜ื•ื‘. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืฉื›ื‘ืช ื ื™ืงื•ื– ืž claydite ืขื ืขื•ื‘ื™ ืฉืœ 2.5-3 ืก”ืž ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื”ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื”ื ื•ื—ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ pahistahisu, ืขืฆื™ืฅ ืขื ื ืคื— ืฉืœ ืœืคื—ื•ืช 2.5-3 ืœื™ื˜ืจ ื ื“ืจืฉ.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื•ืžืคื™ืฆื”, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื’ื“ืœ ืฆืžื— ืื—ื“ ื‘ืกื™ืจ ืคืจื—ื™ื ืื—ื“. ืขืœ ืžื ืช pahystahis ืœื”ื™ืจืื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ื— ืขื‘ื•ืช ืขื ืžืกืคืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ inflorescences ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฉืชื•ืœ 3-4 ืฆืžื—ื™ื ืœื›ืœ ืคืจื— ืื—ื“ ื ืžื•ืš ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ

ื”ื™ื•ื•ืฆืจื•ืช ืฉืœ pachistahisืžืื– pahistahis ืฉื™ื™ืš ืฆืžื—ื™ื ื˜ืจื•ืคื™ื™ื, ื”ื•ื ืชื•ื‘ืขื ื™ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื—ื•ืช ืงืจืงืข ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจืช. ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืžื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ืืช ื”ืฆืžื— ืขื ืžื™ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจืช ื”ื—ื“ืจ. ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ, ื”ืฉืงื™ื” ืžืฆื˜ืžืฆื ืœืžื™ื ื™ืžื•ื. ื•ื’ื ื‘ืขื•ื ื” ื”ื—ืžื” ืฉื™ื— ื“ื•ืจืฉ ืจื™ืกื•ืก ื ื•ืกืฃ.

ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘ ื•ืขื“ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืกืชื™ื•, ืืช ื”ื‘ื•ืฉ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœ ืขื ื“ืฉืŸ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืคืขืžื™ื™ื ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ. ื–ื” ื™ืงื‘ืœ ืคืจื™ื—ื” ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื•ืคืข.

ื”ืฉืชืœืช ื”ืžืคืขืœ ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืคืขื ื‘ืฉื ื”, ื‘ืื‘ื™ื‘. ืื ื”ืฆืžื— ื’ื“ืœ ื‘ืžืฉืš ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘, ื–ื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ืคืขื ืื—ืช ื›ืœ ืฉื ืชื™ื™ื ืื• ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉื ื™ื. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืฉื™ื— ืขื‘ื•ืช ื•ืฉื•ืคืข, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื—ืชื•ืš pahistahis. ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื–ื”, ื ื™ืชืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ืกืชื™ืจ ืืช ื’ื–ืข ื—ืฉื•ืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืžื—.

ืฉื›ืคื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื—ื™ื ื ืขืฉื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ petioles apical ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘ ืื• ื”ืงื™ืฅ.

ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื”, pahistahis ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืก ื™ื•ืžืจื ื™ ืœืžื“ื™, ืื‘ืœ, ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช, ืžื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืชื ืื™ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืฆืžื—ื™ื. ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื ืื•ืช ื•ืขืžื™ื“ื” ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ื™ื’ื“ืœ ืฆืžื— ืืงื–ื•ื˜ื™ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื™ืคื” ืœื”ืคืœื™ื!

ืžื‘ืงืจ ื ื“ื™ืจ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืฉืœื ื• pahistahis – ื•ื™ื“ืื•