Cherry grows to 10 m tall. Unlike cherries, stunted cherries have not yet been taken out. Therefore, the land area for planting should be at least 5 m2. The tree needs cross pollination, which means that it is necessary to plant different varieties of cherries at a short distance from each other. It is worth choosing zoned varieties, so the likelihood that the seedling will take root will be higher.
Choice of sweet cherry
To date, more than 4000 varieties of sweet cherry have been bred. All of them can be divided into two large groups – “Bigarro” and “Gini”.
Varieties of the “Bigarro” group bear fruit abundantly. Their berries are large, with dense flesh and skin. These varieties are of medium or late maturity, their fruits are consumed both fresh and for canning.
Varieties of the group “Gini” – early maturity. This group includes varieties of yellow cherry. The flesh of varieties of the group “Gini” is sweeter than that of the “Bigarro” group. They have a skin, therefore they are suitable for eating only fresh.
Selecting a landing site
Cherry likes a sunny, sheltered place from the wind. It is not recommended to plant a tree in light and heavy loams. The best soil for planting cherries is sandy loam. Well the sweet cherry gets accustomed on a peat soil. If there are no trees of other varieties of this culture near the sweet cherry, then it is worth choosing a place near the plum or cherry. In such a place, the cherry is slightly dusted, but the harvest will still be abundant.
Planting of sweet cherry
Plant one-year or two-year-old plants better. All fruit trees are grown on a wild rootstock. In young trees, the inoculation is better visible, and the root system of such a plant is friable, so the tree will better tolerate planting and take root in a new place. When planting, it is very important not to graft into the soil, it is raised above the ground level by 1/8 the height of the seedling. If the annual tree is 80 cm high, then the inoculation is lifted by 10 cm.
After planting, one or two buckets of water are poured under the sapling. The trunks should be walled up. Cherry does not tolerate stagnation of moisture, so do not make a hole near the trunk.
If you plant container plants, the planting pit should be 20 cm deeper and wider than the earthen lump. Further, the landing pit must be filled with fertile soil and one or two buckets of compost or cow humus should be added to the soil. Mineral fertilizers should not be introduced into the soil, since the cherry will go too fast in growth, its shoots will not have time to ripen to colds and will freeze.
In the northern areas it is better to refrain from the autumn planting, to plant a tree preferably in the spring.