Despite the variety of varieties of fruit trees, breeders are constantly working to improve them. One such result is a hybrid plum, which was obtained by crossing the best varieties of cherry plum with some types of plums, in particular, with Chinese and Ussuri. It is so different from the parent varieties that modern scientists single out a hybrid in a separate species, proudly called the Russian plum.
Advantages of the hybrid
The culture obtained was worthy of competition even for the best varieties of plum and plum. Among the main advantages of hybrid plum:
- Taste and weight of fruit. Virtually all varieties of Russian plum exceed size and cherry plum, and a simple plum. There are even hybrids with fruits weighing up to 100 g. As for the taste, the sweet and sour juicy pulp predominates.
- Productivity. From an adult tree-hybrid you can collect up to 80 kg of fruit.
- Fertility. In most varieties, the first crop ripens already in the second year after planting.
- High winter hardiness. Among the varieties of the Russian plum, there are also those that are successfully grown in the northern regions. They tolerate frosty winters better than cherry plum. Even in case of frostbite, the tree is quickly restored.
- High drought resistance. Hybrids can grow in any soil with minimal care. They are not demanding for irrigation, and a long absence of precipitation does not affect the general condition of the tree.
- Stability before diseases. Unlike simple plums, hybrid plum does not practically suffer from sickness, only sometimes pests of the aphid type appear on it.
The Russian plum is beautiful during flowering, and some of its varieties serve as a real garden ornament thanks to the interesting coloring of the leaves, which can be variegated or red.
Another important advantage of hybrid plum is the high germination capacity of seeds, which allows it to grow as a rootstock for other fruit trees
Some disadvantages of the hybrid
Next to the pluses, hybrid alycha still has several drawbacks:
- in contrast to the plum, in hybrid varieties bone is difficult to separate from the pulp;
- when growing trees in the middle band, the cortex may be blocked;
- there are varieties in which self-fertility is partial;
- because the flower buds of hybrids wake up early, they sometimes suffer from recurrent frosts.
In addition, hybrid varieties of plum and plum are very difficult to form. They require a lot of space, because in their form they are a tree-bush. However, even with these small nuances, the Russian plum surpasses its parents in many respects and is cultivated by horticulturists both in the southern and cooler regions of the country.